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Subject: permaculture


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The permaculturelist website accompanies the Permaculture Mailing List at ibiblio,, and offers a small library of supplemental reading on Permaculture for its subscribers and the public-at-large.

This forum exists for individuals and groups interested in the study and practice of permaculture.
It will be a useful resource for consultants, designers, writers and teachers of this discipline,
conceived and stewarded by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren and enhanced by a growing global community, offering their knowledge, skills and experience.

An introduction to permaculture might involve educating and energizing those who want to provide for themselves and live sensibly, sustainably and renewably using systems that regenerate themselves. We should grow as much of our own food as possible and help provide for others seeking high quality nutrition through donation, sales, barter, food hub and consumer and marketing coop. A society's worth can be measured by how well it takes care of those in need and those who can not take care of themselves. This is the essence of the permaculture third ethic.

Natural biointensive gardening and permaculture, activities that generate interest easily and fill a need, go hand in hand and provide a starting point in learning. Permaculture will prove to be a useful resource, offering gardening, homesteading, agroforestry, farming and renewable energy knowledge and methods as a means of achieving good health, self-sufficiency and independence. It can be practiced actively at home, throughout communities and bioregions by offering design tools for the creation and maintenance of ecologically-oriented land use systems comprised of integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and enhanced nature-compatible human habitat. Integrating permaculture into one's lifestyle can lead the way to self sufficiency, independence, robust health and well-being, effective medical self-help, personal sovereignty and active participation in all categories of local networking, community building, renewable energy, water conservation and land stewardship projects.

United States Permaculture Directory

Definitions of Permaculture

Dave Jacke
"Principles expressed through patterns and processes create systems that yield emergent properties."

Wikipedia permaculture entry:
"Permaculture is a design system which aims to create sustainable
human habitats by following nature's patterns."

"Permaculture is a creative design process based on whole-systems thinking informed by ethics and design principles.”

"Bills model of permaculture though was to create a stable, ethical and permanent culture for humanity. Not though dictate or policy but though knowledge of the design of abundant systems based on easily taught principles. Permaculture tends to focus a lot on food production because it is the first need of any society. But what permaculture really is amounts to a design science based on principles and ethics that use natural systems to provide everything people need to survive and thrive as native species to planet earth." - Jack Spirko

Phil Ferraro, Director
Institute for Bioregional Studies
writes about Permaculture:
"The term, permaculture, was patented by, Bill Mollison in
the early 1970's to describe a system of permanent habitations.
With roots in agricultural systems it has evolved into a program
for designing ecological communities and restoring urban centers.
It is about self-reliance, growing food, and building creative,
beautiful, energy-efficient structures from local materials.
Some precepts basic to both permaculture and bioregionalism:
*Basis in ecology.
*Basing unique culture on indigenous materials
*High degree of local self-sufficiency.
*Observation/awareness of boundaries of plant and animal
*Preservation and restoration of native plant communities.
*Worker-owned, enterprises with non-exploitative relationships.
*Decentralized, participatory, democratic governance.
*Recognizing inter-relationships between elements in the system
and maximizing symbiotic relationships.
*Permaculture methodlogy
*Permaculture principles
*Ethic of permaculture
*Observation Skills
*Bioregional planning & mapping
*Local self-reliance
*Site analysis
*Tree crops
*Medicinal herbs
*Organic Agriculture
*Agroforestry systems
*Edibile landscaping
*Keyline system
*Land Trusts & Communities
*Erosion Control
*Soil microbiology
*Sustainable Forestry
*Ecosystem restoration
*Livestock and wildlife
*Urban permaculture
*Appropriate energy
*Working in the South
*Formal & Informal Economies
*Straw-bale construction"

All that we are is the result of what we have thought. The mind is everything. What we think we become. - Buddha

Fukuoka san's comment in an interview where Fukuoka san, Bill Mollison and Wes Jackson were present:

"The confusion started when humans ate the Fruit of Knowledge. Adam and Eve were thrown away from the Garden of Eden.
The only way to get back is to throw away the knowledge! Just become foolish like a bird or baby."

Commons Thinking
Commons Thinking
Justin Kenrick The Handbook of Sustainability Literacy, Arran Stibbe.
Supported by University of Brighton, Faculty of Arts: Sustainability Network.

"Commons Thinking: the ability to envisage and enable a viable futur through connected action,"
Justin Kenrick, University of Glasgow, and PEDAL Portobello Transition Town

"What is Commons Thinking?
The Commons are life-sustaining or life-enhancing resources and services that have not
been divided up and assigned a monetary value in the global economy but instead are shared
freely among members of a community or group. They range from the air we breath, pollination
provided by bees, land that provides food for gathering and sharing rather than selling,
to words of comfort given freely and willingly rather than at an hourly rate.
Pitted against the Commons, however, are the forces of Enclosure, which attempt
to appropriate, own and sell resources that were once freely accessible, often breaking
up communities and displacing people in the process. Commons regimes are communities
which resist these forces and meet people's needs primarily or significantly through the
Commons rather than through monetary exchange, existing both in the forests of the Amazon
and in the last remaining tight-knit local communities in cities around the world...
This chapter aims to describe one important skill for rebuilding political, community and
personal resilience."

Click for pdf download of the full chapter 'Commons Thinking' from the
Handbook for Sustainability Literacy

-- portal to an expanding global network of landtech pioneers --

ecolandtech: designing ecological land use systems with integrated elements for synergy, sustainability,
regeneration and enhanced nature-compatible human habitat

Permaculture Mailing List Mirror Sites:

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The Permaculture Mailing List Message Archives are located here:
Permaculture Mailing List Message Archives

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Put this command in your browser's Google search box, not in the URL box.

Permaculture List Usage and Guidelines

message archives:
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Google message archive search:
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Permaculture Institute USA
How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
Avant Geared
Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech pioneers practicing and teaching permaculture
while designing ecological, biointensive land use systems with integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and enhanced nature-compatible
human habitat --

Other permaculture and market farming resources:
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Permaculture Mailing List

More Useful Resources:

Garden Tools (photos)
BOOKS (scans)
farm equipment, tractor implements (pix)
Venaura Farm Blog
EcoLandTech Blog

Permaculture List
Permaculture List Archives

Market Farming
Market Farming List
Market Farming List Archives

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