[permaculture] Permaculture Ethics
robyn at permaculture.com.au
Sun Aug 10 02:06:41 EDT 2014
I haven't read the full article yet on http://tcpermaculture.com/site/2013/05/15/the-third-ethic-its-time-to-identify-the-mutation/
but a few paragraphs into it I found a significant error regarding permaculture history.
Bill Mollison DID NOT create PRI, PRI was created in the late '90s by Lawton, Tomas Mack & co to take over a lease of Tagari Farm in northern NSW because Bill was moving back to Tasmania, together with his Permaculture Institute.
Bill established The Permaculture Institute around 1979, and this institute still exists today (currently managed by Lisa Mollison), it never was and never should be confused with PRI which is a completely separate legal entity controlled by Geoff Lawton. NB when PRI was originally set up they used the Permaculture Institute's egg/snake logo extensively, very much giving the impression that The Permaculture Institute had 'recycled' itself as PRI. This has caused endless confusion in the minds of many permies, and time the history was set straight.
just to make sure it's crystal clear, there are 2 very distinctly separate entities:
The Permaculture Institute, establish by Bill Mollison circa 1979, which still exists under the management of his wife Lisa Mollison, based in Tasmania
The Permaculture Research Institute, created by Geoff Lawton et al in the late 1990s , now apparently a Lawton pc franchise system with head office at Zaytuna Farm in Nthn NSW.
On 10/08/2014, at 2:59 AM, Steve Hart wrote:
> Yes Pete...great points of debate, but again we are widening the whole
> issue here, IMO unnecessarily. I prefer to support Scotts assertion as well
> as aspects of what JK alludes to. I like Scott was a first generation
> student of 1980 and did not pay much attention to the ethical lecture of BM
> but do clearly recall "Share the Surplus" as Scott puts it. I therefore
> reiterate that for that is the whole dynamic of how I interpret and it fits
> perfectly with the entire argument. I also see there is no point in
> developing any other variation, but to bring such up in discussion of
> further education throughout the PDC and all the applications we then
> apply....Steve Hart
> On 9 August 2014 17:06, <farmer1 at gasperfarm.com> wrote:
>> Its hard to understand the third ethic when everyone has their own version
>> of it and it inevitably gets used as a hammer for whatever their own
>> political ideology is.
>> The aspects of permanent agriculture seem to be fairly agreed upon but if
>> permaculture aspires to be relevant to the larger society and to be about
>> permanent culture it is going to have to involve all the aspects of
>> culture including those two lightning rods politics and religion.
>>> fold_-_geograph.org_.uk_-_1155943.jpg> Fellfoot Drove
>>> Permaculture ethics were presented in my first Permaculture Design Course
>>> the touchstone of designing towards sustainability - whether as a
>>> designer, as an architect, urban planner, as a farmer/gardener, as a
>>> or activist, as an urban dweller seeking to find balance and create an
>>> ecologically-sound life.
>>> I was amazed that I hadn't been presented with a statement of ethics in
>>> other discipline I had studied; I had known about the Hippocratic oath
>>> by medical practitioners, but not for professions that deal with the
>>> of the land, of our communities or our cities and ecosystems. Since that
>>> time I have realized how critical ethics are in my permaculture design
>>> and my teaching of permaculture. Ethics guide my work and my daily
>>> The three ethics of permaculture are:
>>> 1.Care of the Earth, 2. Care of people, and 3. Set limits to consumption
>>> reproduction, and redistribute surplus to the benefit of the Earth and
>>> At first reading, this seems a simple guide, but, like all things
>>> permaculture, a little reflection leads us into a morass of implications
>>> decisions to be made.
>>> Care of the Earth
>>> How does one care for the Earth when we have such an elementary level of
>>> understanding of the Earth's processes? Care of the Earth has an
>>> implication that we are knowledgeable enough to become the caretakers of
>>> planetary processes. We, humans, are just learning the basics of the
>>> foundational knowledge of life processes! What mankind has exhibited in
>>> last 10,000 years is an incredible ability to lay waste to the Earth with
>>> little to no care for it!
>>> The first ethic sets a very high bar for those of us aspiring to teach
>>> and work with nature-inspired design, striving to achieve resiliency that
>>> observe in truly natural systems.
>>> The second and third ethic are, really, a reiteration of the first one,
>>> with more specificity.
>>> Care of People
>>> Care of People is also a very grand aspiration especially within our
>>> of individualism, and narcissistic tendencies. The evolution of the
>>> society into a class system of the "haves" and the "have-nots" is a sad
>>> testament to a lack of care for the "have-nots". This is not just an
>>> economic divide but a social justice issue encompassing health care,
>>> housing, meaningful work, education, justice, equality between genders
>>> just male and female), racial equality, and the pursuit of happiness.
>>> I find caring for people particularly challenging since we have been so
>>> wounded by a culture that judges one's worth by the possessions one owns,
>>> and by one's conformity with cultural norms of beauty, education, income
>>> behavior. Living in a culture that is primarily in corporate hands does
>>> allow us to truly explore our humanity or to express it, particularly as
>>> pertains to care of others. To a sociopath this humanistic attitude is
>>> ultimate failure in the scrabble to the top echelons of the social order.
>>> Anyone who has seriously thought about the implications of permaculture
>>> realizes that herein lie all the answers to the dysfunction of our
>>> and yet we continually default to the destructive behavior we have been
>>> indoctrinated into by an educational system that's primary purpose is to
>>> engender an attitude of obsequious servitude to the corporate bosses.
>>> Set Limits to Consumption and Population
>>> The third ethic is a troubling one to me, not because it is unnecessary
>>> because it is so little understood. The third ethic does not want to fit
>>> into a comfortable sound bite, it is wordy and long and that has inspired
>>> many generations of permaculture teachers to morph it into something
>>> simpler, easier to digest.
>>> I often hear that the third ethic is: "a return of all excess to the care
>>> the earth and people". Somewhere along the line "set limits to
>>> and reproduction" was dropped from the lexicon. I think this may have
>>> because of the political climate surrounding birth control and the holy
>>> of consumption.
>>> To be fair, the third ethic is so unwieldy and it does not trip off the
>>> tongue as poetically as the first two ethics.
>>> It would be great to have one of the pioneers of permaculture shine some
>>> light on the history of this critical ethic.
>>> More recently the third ethic has further devolved into "fair share"
>>> is a far cry from the original intent of this ethic. Fair is an
>>> word that changes with the user, what is fair for me may be totally
>>> for you. What is the gold standard of "fair"? I am certain that this
>>> misstatement of the third ethic derived from that constant quest for the
>>> "sound bite" that sounds good but, sadly, conveys very little
>>> I am much more concerned with the meaning conveyed by the third ethic
>>> the meter or prosody of the words. It is critically important that we
>>> the permaculture ethics in non-compromised form so there is no doubt in
>>> their meaning or necessity.
>>> The ethics of permaculture are the core; around that core everything else
>>> permaculture methods, approaches, design concepts, practical applications
>>> converge. If all our decisions are seen through the lens of the three
>>> permaculture ethics we will not stray far from our best intentions.
>>> "To change something build a new model that makes the existing model
>>> obsolete" Buckminster Fuller
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>> Permaculture Institute USA http://permaculture.org
>> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
>> Avant Geared http://www.avantgeared.com
>> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech
>> pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with integrated
>> elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and enhanced
>> nature-compatible human habitat
> Kia ora
> [image: Picture]
> *Steve Hart*
> Ecology Architect
> skype: stevenlawrencehart
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> How to permaculture your urban lifestyle
> Avant Geared http://www.avantgeared.com
> Permaculture: -- portal to an expanding global network of landtech pioneers -- who are designing ecological land use systems with integrated elements for synergy, sustainability, regeneration and enhanced nature-compatible human habitat
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