[permaculture] [Fwd: [SANET-MG] Biodiesel from chicken feathers]

Lawrence F. London, Jr. lflj at intrex.net
Wed Jul 1 16:16:03 EDT 2009

-------- Original Message --------
Subject: [SANET-MG] Biodiesel from chicken feathers
Date: Wed, 1 Jul 2009 16:06:45 -0400
From: jcummins <jcummins at UWO.CA>
Reply-To: Sustainable Agriculture Network Discussion Group              <SANET-MG at LISTS.IFAS.UFL.EDU>, jcummins 
<jcummins at UWO.CA>

A Green Process for Producing Biodiesel from Feather Meal
Narasimharao Kondamudi, Jason Strull, Mano Misra* and Susanta K. Mohapatra*
Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Nevada, 1664 North
Virginia, MS 388, Reno, Nevada 89557
J. Agric. Food Chem.,
DOI: 10.1021/jf900140e
Publication Date (Web): June 25, 2009
This paper describes a new and environmentally friendly process for
developing biodiesel from commercial feather meal, a waste product of
the poultry industry. Currently, feather meal is used as an animal feed,
given its high protein content, and also as a fertilizer because of its
high nitrogen content. In this work, we have extracted fat from the
feather meal in boiling water (70 °C) and then transesterified the fat
into biodiesel using KOH and methanol; 7-11% biodiesel (on a dry basis)
is produced in this process. ASTM analysis of the prepared feather meal
biodiesel confirmed that the biodiesel is of good quality and comparable
to other biodiesels made from other common feedstocks. Given the amount
of feather meal produced by the poultry industry, it is estimated that
this process can create 150-200 million gallons of biodiesel in the
United States and 593.2 million gallons worldwide.

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