[permaculture] beef consumption

Jocelyn Paquette sixdegrees at baynet.net
Tue Apr 13 06:21:47 EDT 2004

    * A gallon of gasoline is required to produce a pound of grain-fed beef.

    "Junk-food chains, including KFC and Pizza Hut, are under attack from
major environmental groups in the United States and other developed
countries because of their environmental impact. Intensive breeding of
livestock and poultry for such restaurants leads to deforestation, land
degradation, and contamination of water sources and other natural resources.
For every pound of red meat, poultry, eggs, and milk produced, farm fields
lose about five pounds of irreplaceable top soil. The water necessary for
meat breeding comes to about 190 gallons per animal per day, or ten times
what a normal Indian family is supposed to use in one day, if it gets water
at all.

    ... Overall, animal farms use nearly 40 percent of the world's total
grain production. In the United States, nearly 70 percent of grain
production is fed to livestock."

    --  Vandana Shiva, Stolen Harvest, (South End Press, 2000), pp. 70-71.

More information about the permaculture mailing list