[permaculture] Re: permaculture Digest, Vol 2, Issue 35

Scott Pittman pci at permaculture-inst.org
Thu Mar 27 10:21:39 EST 2003

I wonder Toby if some of this lopsidedness has to do with immigration 
policy?  I would think that immigrants to the New World versus immigrants 
to Europe would almost match the plant immigrants.  Since most immigrants 
were looking for a better life, or a life free from tyranny I would suspect 
there were a lot of rural people coming to the U.S. and Canada with cuffs, 
pockets, woolens, etc. stuffed with seed and bugs.

I am always amazed to think of the presence of mind of the African slave 
when he/she grabbed seed for the new world.  I realize some of the seed was 
brought in the form of slave food by the slavers, but a lot of the African 
plants in the deep south were brought by the slaves themselves, at least 
that is what my great grandpa from Georgia told me.


At 02:06 PM 3/26/03 -0500, you wrote:
>Thus the (mostly) one-way weed establishment is a fact. One reason for
>this, in addition to those I cited in my last post, is that
>counter-directional species usually travel alone, separate from their
>guilds, while European weeds travel with their guilds: We bring cattle,
>sheep, and all the other animals that have adapted with Euro-weeds
>(which have burrs adapted for our livestock, pass through their guts
>unharmed, etc); we bring pollinators by the millions (European
>honey-bees love Euro-weeds), and we bring many of the other insect and
>plant associates that are allies of the weeds. That broad-band traffic
>doesn't go the other way, and thus non-Euro-weeds don't thrive. You
>could say they die of loneliness.

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