Fwd: Sovereign Awareness

Verne L. Chinampas moistearth at yahoo.com
Sat Jan 15 17:37:58 EST 2000

Awareness of individual rights and the technologies which can protect
restrict them is rapidly increasing.

Recent articles below yield insight through example of transforming
global societies. Indigenous (or even pre-industrial)cultures of
diverse bioregions can offer beneficial social and ecological
practices, primarily because they evolved without the mass consumption
of natural resources we have today.

On Turtle Island, be aware of who/what is being taxed, who/what is
being subsidized, and who is considered as legitimate authority in
representing the interests of gentle and honorable people.

What we experience every day regarding food, health, and spiritual
freedoms is in the balance.

Strength to the Just, and to sovereign communities everywhere.

Full texts:

Portions from each article:

Friday January 14 1:46 PM ET 

U.S. Gives Back Land to Ute Indian Tribe in Utah

By Patrick Connole

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The federal government will return to an Indian
tribe more than 80,000 acres of potentially oil-rich Utah land taken to
help fuel Navy ships during World War I, marking the biggest voluntary
return of public lands in a century, the Energy Department said on

The deal with the Ute tribe also includes a provision to clean up a
controversial low-level radioactive waste site on the Colorado River in
another part of Utah, Energy Secretary Bill Richardson said.

``Today, we're doing the right thing, the right thing for the
environment, the right thing for the Utes, the right thing for the
state of Utah and the right thing for the American people,'' Richardson
said in a statement.

The land to be returned to the tribe sits next to the 4.5 million acre
Uintah and Ouray Reservation. A stretch of remote, unpopulated land, it
was taken from the tribe in 1916 when the U.S. Navy needed potential
oil reserves to fuel ships during World War I.

The DOE said it ruled out selling the oil reserve because of its
cultural importance to the tribe.

Two years ago, in the government's biggest privatization deal, the DOE
sold its Elk Hills naval oil reserve in California for $3.65 billion to
Occidental Petroleum. Unlike the Elk Hills property, the federal
government never drilled for oil or developed the Utah land, known as
Naval Oil Shale Reserve No. 2.

The Utah land has shown geologic potential for oil and gas production
but the acreage is still considered exploratory.

Interior Secretary Bruce Babbitt called the land transfer a great first
step, but said many issues still have to be worked out for restoring
the lands to the Ute people. ``It is a gateway to two national parks,
Arches and Canyonlands. It deserves our best restoration efforts,''
Babbitt said.

Babbitt was referring to government promise to take over the clean-up
of a controversial uranium mill tailing site on the banks of the
Colorado River, about 80 miles from the reservation.

Environmental groups have long criticized the government's slowness to
address the low-level radioactive wastes from the defunct Atlas Corp.
uranium mine, near Moab, Utah.

The Project on Government Oversight, a Washington watchdog group, said
over its lifetime the mine generated 10.5 million tons of toxic waste
which have polluted the river. The uranium tailings contain ammonia,
arsenic, lead, vanadium, selenium, mercury and other toxic metals left
by the leaching process used to separate uranium from ore.

 An estimated 28,800 gallons of toxic waste from the site leaks into
the Colorado River daily, according to the activist group. The river is
used for drinking water by millions of people in southern California,
Arizona and southern Nevada, and by farmers to irrigate land.

As part of the complicated agreement, the Utes will also turn over a
75-mile stretch of the Green River to be designated as a ``heritage
river'' and protected from development.

Ute Tribal Business Committee Chairman, O. Roland McCook, said the move
by the government partially restores one of many broken promises made
to the tribe, and could signal the beginning of a move to make Indian
lands in the region whole again.

``In 1882, the United States identified lands in eastern Utah that were
to remain tribal property for all time. Regrettably, this promise, like
so many given to the tribe over the years, proved to be false,'' McCook

``As a result of the leadership of Secretary Richardson, however, a
portion of the promise is now to be fulfilled.'' 


Thursday January 13, 9:35 pm Eastern Time

Scientists "use nature" to clone monkey

By Maggie Fox, Health and Science Correspondent

WASHINGTON, Jan 13 (Reuters) - Scientists said on Thursday they had
cloned a monkey -- the first non-human primate to be cloned -- in an
experiment they hope will result in squads of genetically
identical lab animals perfect for use in testing.

``Tetra'', a bright-eyed rhesus macaque, was not made by the same
method that made the world agog over Dolly the sheep.

While Dolly was cloned using nuclear transfer -- taking the nucleus out
of an adult cell and using it to reprogram an unfertilized egg
-- Tetra was made by splitting a very early embryo into four pieces.

``The birth of Tetra, a healthy female cloned from a quarter of an
embryo, proves that this approach can result in live offspring,''
the researchers at the Oregon Regional Primate Research Center in
Beaverton wrote in the journal Science.

The method is commonly used in animals such as cattle but had never
before been used to create a monkey.

Gerald Schatten, who led the research, said the technique copied what
nature does. ``This is just artificial twinning,'' he said in a
telephone interview.


Jan 15, LA Times
Sale to Public of Satellite Photos Debated 

By BOB DROGIN, Times Staff Writer

WASHINGTON--Ever since the John F. Kennedy administration launched the
world's first spy satellite, only senior U.S. military officials and
policymakers have been allowed to view high-altitude, high-resolution
images of everything from Soviet bombers to Serb tanks. 
Now the public is getting its chance, and some policy analysts say
that's cause for concern. Space Imaging, a private company based in
Denver, made history this month by distributing the first
high-resolution satellite images of a North Korean ballistic missile
site. The company soon will offer similar snapshots of China, Iran,
Iraq and almost anywhere else on Earth to nearly anyone with a credit
The company says that its Ikonos satellite can provide distinct
photographic images of objects as small as 32 inches across, a clarity
far sharper than anything publicly available before. They say that such
detail will change the way Americans plant crops, write insurance and
zone shopping malls, as well as monitor disasters, track pollution and
watch foreign armies. 
But critics warn that dictators, rogue regimes and terrorists also may
benefit. No law prevents commercial satellites from photographing U.S.
military bases and other sensitive facilities, for example. And while
the federal government has the right to shutter private U.S. satellites
in event of war or other national crises, the policy remains untested. 


The federal Bureau of Indian Affairs said cigarettes purchased on
reservations are tax-free. Day said cigarettes shipped off reservations
are taxable, but said California and other states are having difficulty
persuading all Indian tribes to comply with the reporting law. 

Because the tribes are considered sovereign nations, California can't
force them to comply with the reporting requirement, he said.

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