Pond construction ideas needed (for FranksFarm)

April Sampson-Kelly askpv at ozemail.com.au
Mon Aug 2 20:29:21 EDT 1999

my major concerns from my pond experiences are:
1. an allowance for flood (the overflow must be well designed
2. not to alter the natural flow of a water system (the daming of creeks
here have
proven to destroy habitat for native species such as our tortoises and
so, i would build a small barrier that caught only large downpours and
allowed the continued flow through of daily or weekly rains.
3. trouble with our farmed ducks and wild yabbies destroying the water
quality and seal.
our ducks are only suitable for the spring fed pond, they seem to have the
instinct to excete as soon as they get wet.

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Lawrence F. London, Jr. [mailto:london at metalab.unc.edu]
> Sent: Monday, 2 August 1999 1:16
> To: permaculture
> Subject: Pond construction ideas needed (for FranksFarm)
> Lawrence F. London, Jr. -+|+- Venaura Farm
> london at metalab.unc.edu   lflondon at worldnet.att.net
> http://metalab.unc.edu/london, /permaculture, /ecolandtech
> EcoLandTech -+|+- InterGarden -+|+- Permaculture
> -
> Frank asked for ideas on pond building. Maybe we can start a thread on
> this, if anyone is interested. My feedback is below.
> ---------- Forwarded message ----------
> Date: Sun, 1 Aug 1999 22:48:22 -0400 (EDT)
> From: FranksFarm at aol.com
> > In center of pond area is small elevated island with a few
> trees that I'd
> > like to keep. How do you suggest we build this pond for wildlife, native
> > plantings, irrigation etc.?
> ------------------------------------------------------------------
> ---------
> 1) Get a copy of Mollison's A Designer's Manual
> 2) The pond's edge should be crenelated, i.e. undulating, zigzag,
> ragged, ["lobular embayments" is a term Mollison uses on P.78 of DM]
> rather than a smooth continous curve. See pps. 481-483 of DM on
> "pond configuration and edge effects".
> 3) Where runoff runs into pond construct a slightly graduated slope with
> different sized pebbles, rocks, gravel, sand - this could become an
> area where shellfish could breed - though usually flowing water is
> necessary - just a thought - maybe divert flow from a creek in and out of
> the pond
> 4) Construct shallow, boggy, swampy areas for breeding grounds for aquatic
> creatures - plant reeds, cattails and other shallow water aquatic plants
> there (will provide cover for wildlife)
> 5) Make sure you construct areas where the water is shallow to semi
> shallow with rocks, sandbars, etc. for turtles and amphibians, esp. frogs
> 6) You want to be sure you have fertile ground at water's edge - so you'll
> get lush plant growth, weeds, plantings, etc. This is essential for
> wildlife feeding, breeding and cover, and shade in summer and erosion
> control, and nutrient catchment and filtering
> LL
> 'Every day the intelligent person learns something new, but every day
> the wise person gives up some certainty'    The Buddha.
> ---
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