Lawrence F. London, Jr. london at sunsite.unc.edu
Thu Sep 25 23:38:44 EDT 1997

Recommended reading on plants as indicators of enviromental conditions:

>From CLOUTIERD at qcrgmo.agr.ca Fri Feb 18 12:37:32 1994
Date: 17 Feb 1994 14:10:03 -0500 (EST)
From: CLOUTIERD at qcrgmo.agr.ca
To: sanet-mg at ces.ncsu.edu
Subject: Weeds as indicators of environmental conditions

In response to the query on indicator weeds, here is a partial list 
of references on the topic.  There is also a lot of information
available through the phytosociology literature but it is often 
in german or french.

Good reading.

Daniel Cloutier
Agriculture Canada
Experimental Farm
801, route 344
P.O. Box 3398
L'Assomption, Quebec, Canada
Tel: (514) 589-2171
Fax: (514) 589-4027

Brooks, R.R.  1972.  Geobotany and biochemistry in mineral exploration. 
Harper and Row, New York.  290 pp.

Chaphekar, S.B.  1978.  Biological indicators: the concept and new
additions.  International Journal of Ecology and Environmental
Sciences.  4:45-52.

Chikishev, A.G. (Editor)  1965.  Plant indicators of soils, rocks, and
subsurface waters.  Consultants Bureau, New York.  210 pp.
(Translation of a Russian book).

Clements, F.E.  1920.  Plant indicators: the relation of plant
communities to process and practice.  Carnegie Inst.  Wash.  Publ.
No. 290.  388 pp.

Cocannouer, J.A.  1964.  Weeds: guardians of the soil.  Devon-Adair, New
York.  179 pp.

Dale, M.H.  1966.  Weed complexes on abandoned pastures as indicators of
site characteristics.  Canadian Journal of Botany  44:11-17.

Dale, M.H., P.J. Harrison, and G.W. Thomson.  1965.  Weeds as indicators
of physical site characteristics in abandoned pastures.  Canadian
Journal of Botany  43:1319-1327.

Duke, J.A.  1976.  Perennial weeds as indicators of annual climatic
parameters.  Agricultural Meteorology 16:295-298.

Hill, S.B. and J. Ramsey.  1997.  Weeds as indicators of soil
conditions.  Macdonald Journal June 1997, p.8-11, 16

Holzner, W.  1982.  Weeds as indicators for the whole complex of
environmental factors.  Geobotany 2:187-190.

Pfeiffer, E.E.  1970.  Weeds and what they tell.  Reoriented by
Biodynamic Farming and Gardening Association, Inc.  P.O. Box 550,
Kimberton, PA 19442, USA.

Rogers, L.H., O.E. Gail and R.M. Barnette.  1939.  The zinc content of
weeds of volunteer grasses and planted land covers.  Soil Science

Rorison, I.H. and D. Robinson.  1984.  Calcium as an environmental
variable.  Plant, Cell and Environment 7:381-390.

Sampson, A.W.  1939.  Plant indicators - concept and status.  Botanical
Review 5:155-206.

Shantz, H.L.  1911.  Natural vegetation as an indicator of the
capabilities of land for crop production in the Great Plains area. 
U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Ind. Bul. 201:1-100.

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