[nafex] 'Smaragd' Columnar Apples

Lawrence F. London, Jr. lflj at bellsouth.net
Thu Jan 19 20:19:43 EST 2012

On 1/19/2012 3:38 PM, Doreen Howard wrote:
> I read this in the current issue of "The Avant Gardener" and wonder if any
> of you have knowledge or experience with this propagation program.
> --------------
> "New breeding work in Serbia is reviving interest in columnar apples.

What is a columnar apple; anything like espaliered or trellised? Is it a 
natural form for this type of fruit?

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