[NAFEX] Early pear ID help?

Douglas Woodard dwoodard at becon.org
Thu Jun 24 17:38:25 EDT 2010

Donna, my understanding is that Tyson is just a few days earlier than 

Fruits of Ontario for 1906/1914 comments "too near the season of 
Bartlett to be profitable for market."

It describes the fruit: "size medium; form acute pyriform; color green, 
turning yellow when fully ripe, russet about basin, cheek crimson, dots 
brown, numerous; stem 1 1/4 inches long more or less fleshy at base; 
calyx open."

The book describes the sizes of Anjou, Bartlett, Bosc, and Howell as 
"large;" Sheldon as "above medium."

Doug Woodard
St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada

Kieran and/or Donna wrote:
> Hello all. 
>      I have here in front of me fruit of two very early pears.  One is 
> definitely Early Harvest, popular with market growers in KY in the mid 
> 1880's.  The other I was guessing would prove to be Tyson.  There is 
> really not much info available on Tyson, some mentions of it surviving 
> in Georgia.  Last night I stumbled on some discussion in NY from the 
> 1800's that said Tyson was not as early as Madeleine or Doyenne d'Ete, 
> so it's not likely to be Tyson unless my specimans are a couple weeks 
> from ripe yet.  (Last year the samples she brought me were mush by about 
> July 10th) Neither is ripe yet, seeds still white on both but the EH 
> looks a bit ahead of the other.  EH picked today, Mystery pears picked 
> by a friend from her grandmother's tree which is 70 or more years old.  
> The EH tree was a LARGE bearing tree 40 years ago. 
> Observations: made 6/24/2010 Cookeville TN latitude 36 altitude 1,000 ft
> Donna
> *Early Harvest:*
> Tree has gray bark, distinctive shiny leaves, prone to cupped shapes 
> with almost no point.  Some are fairly normal looking, but you can see 
> on the photo on the Corvallis site how distinctive they are.  
> http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/acc/search.pl?accid=%20PI+541183
> Fruit is short and squatty, skin very smooth, thin and tender.  Red 
> colored areas also very smooth, dots barely visible if at all.  
> Persistant calyx in a shallow basin. Even some old dried petals clinging 
> on.  Core short and quite round.  Flesh smooth, entirely free of grit.  
> Flavor bland, slightly pear like, with more flavor just under the 
> skin. Very early, any fruit not picked by July 4th will fall as 
> mush. Eaten raw, they can provide calories if you are hungry but not 
> much pleasure.   This variety is slow to crop, makes fairly large 
> handsome pears that come in very early for market sales.  They are 
> entirely inoffensive, which is the nicest way to describe them.  They 
> compliment tarter stronger flavored fruits for baking.  They are 
> excellent in cobblers with gooseberries and blackberries, and would 
> probably also be good with Yellow Transparent apples, rhubarb and tart 
> cherries.  Alas, the season for these last two does not overlap with the 
> EH season.  I have grafted several branches from this tree but feel no 
> need to have a whole tree of it.   
> *Mystery pear:* 
> Prominent dots, esp on red side.  Taller and much less squatty than EH, 
> contracts more at base.   Persistant calyx in a deep basin.  Red color 
> on sunny side is much more uniform than EH.  Interior: the core is 
> longer, flesh grainier in appearance.  Flavor astringent, a little 
> tartness.  Skin a little gritty, tougher.  I'll know more when I get to 
> taste a ripe one. 
>  I assume it's the June Sugar pear that Lawson's Nursery has been 
> selling for some 50 years.  This one from CA is probably from Lawson's: 
>   http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/acc/search.pl?accid=%20PI+541501
> Corvallis site:   
> http://www.ars-grin.gov/ars/PacWest/Corvallis/ncgr/pyrus/pyrinfo.html  
> unfortunately they don't have any photos of Tyson. 

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