[NAFEX] how grafts connect

dmnorton at royaloakfarmorchard.com dmnorton at royaloakfarmorchard.com
Mon Apr 6 14:49:50 EDT 2009

It seems to me that if it is the sap that arrives at the outside of the wood to generate a new orbe (annual ring), bringing with it the necessary nutrients, etc. and conjoins itself with the moist part of the graft at the scion, then it is the rootstock (tree) that begins the generation process.  I've read that scions that are cut in spring just prior to the buds swelling and grafted within 4 - 5 days have the best chance of a successful graft because they are moist and the grafting takes place in their normal dormancy break cycle.  If that is the case, then it also seems to me that the chill hour requirements and the growing degree hours of the scion being grafted may play a part in the overall success of grafting.  Just a thought!  

Dennis Norton
Royal Oak Farm Orchard
Office (815) 648-4467
Mobile (815) 228-2174
Fax (609) 228-2174
----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Ginda Fisher" <list at ginda.us>
To: "North American Fruit Explorers" <nafex at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Sunday, April 05, 2009 9:10 PM
Subject: Re: [NAFEX] how grafts connect

>I certainly don't know the answer, but I would have assumed the answer  
> is "both".  You'd need to keep the graft from drying out before the  
> join heals well enough to transfer fluid no matter which part is  
> responsible for forming the initial callus - that's your question,  
> right?  Because after the passage of time both parts contribute to the  
> joint, as you can see looking closely at any graft.
> Ginda
> On Apr 5, 2009, at 7:29 PM, Alan Haigh wrote:
>> Wow, so none of you knows whether it's the scion or the tree or both  
>> that generates the  tissue that connects a graft.  Or did you  
>> overlook that question?  The presumption would be that it is the  
>> tree and that's why the scion is kept dormant- so it doesn't dry out  
>> before the tissue from the tree side forms a vascular hook up.  But  
>> then I wonder why so many people have good success with scion wood  
>> that was never stored and is cut from a tree beginning active growth  
>> and grafted on the same day or a bit later to another tree in active  
>> growth.
>> Have I uncovered a great myth about the requirements for grafting  
>> efficacy?
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