[NAFEX] gluten

Stephen Sadler Docshiva at Docshiva.org
Wed Apr 18 15:09:16 EDT 2007

Glucose and gluten are two entirely unrelated things.  One's a sugar, one's
wheat protein.



From: nafex-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org
[mailto:nafex-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] On Behalf Of Thomas Olenio
Sent: Wednesday, April 18, 2007 5:19 AM
To: 'North American Fruit Explorers'
Subject: [NAFEX] gluten




According to the USDA.




."Sugars which poison bees when fed at low levels in sucrose syrup include
galactose, arabinose, xylose, melibiose, mannose, raffinose, stachyose, and
lactose (Barker and Lehner, 1974b; Barker 1976a). Pectin, agar, and many
gums are toxic or can hydrolyze to toxic sugars. On the other hand, glucose,
fructose, maltose, sucrose, melezitose, and trehalose are safe and
nutritious. The reasons some sugars are poisonous at low dosages are
unknown; conflicting theories have been published. Even important
biochemical processes which produce honey from nectar remain cloaked in


>From the above this honey bee novice infers that glucose (gluten) is fed to
commercial honey bees.


It would make sense that if contaminated feed grade, gluten got into the
supply chain it may affect honey bees.


I know next to nothing about bees, and leave it to experts to figure out.




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