[NAFEX] Asimina spp.

bill dality namtoo at yahoo.com
Wed Nov 9 21:13:58 EST 2005


I asked  Neal Peterson some of these questions and his response was:



>Is the fruit of any of the other species of Asimina tastier than the fruit 
of Asimina triloba?

The other Asimina taste nasty, just barely edible. I don't recommend any of 
them, nor know anyone who does.

> Could you compare the taste of parviflora fruit with Asimina triloba fruit?

Pithy, not sweet, bitter.


The southern pps are shrubby and some are ornamental and their 
seeds are small. No hybrids of Asimina and Annona spp have ever been made 
despite repeated attempts starting in the 1920s. Severe genetic 


If the fruit of the other species is inferior in taste , what is the use of obtaining interspecific hybrids.

 What usefull traits can the other species contribute?

Have any promising intergeneric hybrids been created?

I understand that cherimoya is a very tasty fruit?

P.S. I was asking what minimum temperature the fruit can take, not the tree.


 Bill Dality


I have a sugar apple "annona squamosa", I grow it in a container... It 
fruits well for me with artificial pollination. I need to try crossing 
it with pawpaw. If I tried getting pollen from the pawpaw flower and 
applied it to the stigma of the A. squamosa, Would that be the common 
way? Is that usually done at a sterile environment?
The flowers are much different. I always wondered if any one tried it. 
The Annona might flower at different time than the pawpaw... In my 
greenhouse it blooms early april... but may continue blooming until july... 
so I need to test it next spring.

Bassem Samaan
zone 6 pa



I have an A.parviflora(small-flowered pawpaw) selection, "Trash Pile", 
which I made from plants growing on my parents' former farm, in Lee 
Co., AL 
- just outside of Auburn.  Heavy fruit production is what caught my 
attention initially - the small fruits, 2-2.5" in length, were 
all along the length of its branches, rather than in 'hands', as is the 
case with A.triloba.  Fruits are quite seedy, with a pretty thin rim of 
pulp surrounding them - certainly nothing to write home 
about.  Additionally, I suspected that this particular plant might be 
self-fertile, as there were no other pawpaws of either common 
species(triloba or parviflora) within several hundred feet - and my 
of it here in KY has fruited well, with no other blooming pawpaws 
within several hundred yards.

  My graft of "Trash Pile" (on A.triloba rootstock - so it's evident 
they're graft-compatible) has been fully winter hardy here in southern 
west-central KY, and Gordon Nofs has been growing it for several years 
his Flint, MI location.  A couple of years back, Gordon told me he had 
late freeze that burned the new leaves off all his A.triloba trees, but 
A.parviflora leaves were virtually unscathed.

I'm growing this selection mainly for nostalgia's sake, but it's 
that A.parviflora seedlings *might* work as a dwarfing rootstock for 
A.triloba.  The "Trash Pile" ortet was less than 10 ft tall, growing 
out in 
the open on a terrace on top of a droughty old red clay hillside; may 
now been overtaken by encroaching kudzu & sweetgum trees, and if it is 
still alive, I have no doubt the developers who purchased the property 
will, at some point in time, bulldoze it.

If anyone cares to play around with this selection, I can supply 
amounts of scionwood - and may be able to find some seed from this 
fruit crop in the litter around the base of my grafted tree.

Lucky Pittman



Here's what I wrote about other species in my book Uncommon Fruits for Every Garden (Timber Press, 2004): 

            Some of the pawpaw’s deficiencies could be overcome by hybridization with other members of the genus Asimina, to wit some of the Southern species, with which pawpaw readily crosses and which excel in complementary qualities. For example, A. parviflora is an upright shrub or small tree that is cold-hardy to the coastal plain of Virginia, is self-fruitful, and ripens its (barely) edible fruits weeks before the pawpaw. To make the flowers more attractive to insects, one might introduce some blood of the fragrant-flowered A. reticulata. Pawpaws might even be grown for their flowers as well as their fruits if they had the lovely, four-inch-diameter flowers of A. obovata.

            Delicious hybrids also might result from cross-breeding the pawpaw with some of its tropical and subtropical relatives, such as the cherimoya (Annona cherimola) and sugar apple (Annona squamosa). Thus far, such hybrids are elusive.

Lee Reich, PhD

On Nov 9, 2005, at 3:38 PM, Ethan Natelson, M.D. wrote:

Yes, an expert on these is Lester Davis who does not participate in this
chat line but does have e-mail.  He has collected, photographed and studied
these species and lectured about it to us at a Southern Fruit Fellowship
meeting a few years ago.  I can send you his e-mail address off line when I
get home this evening.

Ethan Natelson, Houston

-----Original Message-----
From: nafex-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org
[mailto:nafex-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org]On Behalf Of Heron Breen
Sent: Wednesday, November 09, 2005 2:08 PM
To: nafex at lists.ibiblio.org
Subject: [NAFEX] Paw Paw species propagation

Hey folks,
I understand there is two other species of Paw Paw native to the US besides
triloba. Has anyone used these as dwarfing or early fruiting rootstocks for
triloba? Both are smaller trees or shrubs. Also, has anyone eaten their
fruit or
selected any seedlings?
Heron Breen
zone 4, Maine

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