[NAFEX] Apple Seedling With 3 Cotelydons

Lon J. Rombough lonrom at hevanet.com
Fri May 13 11:56:21 EDT 2005

The number of cotyledons isn't an indication of the chromosome number, 
though the plant description sounds like it might be a polyploid of 
some sort.
It's interesting to note that Luther Burbank claimed that seedlings 
with the largest leaves, best vigor, etc. were the ones that had the 
best fruit.  You might graft some of your seedling on a dwarf stock 
like M26 to get it into bearing sooner, to find out.
-Lon Rombough
Grapes, writing, consulting, my book, The Grape Grower, at 
http://www.bunchgrapes.com  Winner of the Garden Writers Association 
"Best Talent in Writing" award for 2003.
On May 13, 2005, at 12:18 AM, <leclair at verizon.net> wrote:

I have a small apple orchard in Maine and I decided to grow some new 
trees from seed. Now, I'm not looking to grow great or exceptional 
apples; just ones good enough for cider or cooking.  If the trees don't 
make good apples, I'll just top graft them with other varieties.

Right now, I have a little over a hundred seedlings.  Most of them look 
like average ordinary antonovka rootstock seedlings with small average 
leaves.  Some of them have tiny skinny leaves that look like the ones 
on certain small crabapples.

And one of the seedlings has three cotelydons.  This one is almost 
twice as tall as the average with much larger and broader leaves.  The 
leaves also have much larger teeth than the average leaf.

The third cotelydon folded out from in between the other two "standard" 
cotelydons to form a "Y" shape.  The plant is at about the same stage 
as the rest of the seedlings with about the same number of leaves, 
etc., except everything is larger.

Correct me if I'm wrong, but it is my understanding that a standard 
apple tree has 34 chromosomes.

Also, it is my understanding (based on memories of botany class way 
back in school) that one of the cotelydons in a dicot has the genes 
from one of its parents, while the other cotelydon has the genes from 
the other parent.

So, if this is the case in this seedling as well as standard dicots, my 
seedling should have 51 chromosomes, the same number that triploids 

So my roundabout question is, does three cotelydons make a triploid?

Also, what are the odds of having good fruit from this tree?

Any info would be helpful.

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