[Market-farming] Effective Micro-organisms + Indigenous Micro-organisms

Karen Sutherland ksutherland at hampshire.edu
Mon Feb 21 17:34:28 EST 2005

Very interesting.  Thank you!

Do you have a good definition for "Nature farming system?"   
Recommendations for what to read or what website has good information.  
How would you contrast a "nature farming system" with "organic farming?" 

Again, thanks and all best wishes,


*Karen Sutherland **
**Roots Farm**
Organic Produce : Fruits, Roots, Vegetables & Herbs*
Cockrane, Dominica
rootsfarm at marpin.dm <mailto:rootsfarm at marpin.dm>

Steve Diver wrote:

> The leaflet and recipe that you posted are from the
> Korean system known as IM (Indigenous Microorganisms).
> They were developed in the 1960s by Han Kyo Cho with
> Korean Natural Farming Association.   The IMO system
> has come into English-language awareness in the last few
> years from the book by Han Kyu Cho and Atsushi Koyama
> and from the workshops by Gil Carandang in the Philipines. 
> Korean Natural Farming: Indigenous Microorganisms and
> Vital Power of Crop/Livestock
> Han Kyu Cho and Atsushi Koyama
> Korean Natural Farming Association, 1997.  172 p.
> EM (Effective Microroganisms) were developed in the 1980s
> by Dr. Teruo Higa at the University of the Ryukyus in
> Okinawa, Japan.   It was widely adapted and gained
> international recognition through Kyusei Nature Farming.
> It is easy to get a bottle of EM mother culture and
> brew a batch of activated EM (liquid culture)) or make
> EM bokashi (solid culture).  The results are consistent and
> reliable, for the most part.
> With IM you rely on local biomass to culture local
> microflora.   The results can vary.  It might take first-hand
> training to gain the same level of confidence that you'd
> like to have as a farmer, by comparison to a known
> mother culture brewed with "type-cultured" microbes.
> On the other hand, the recipes and biomass sources
> used as a substrate to culture microbes and transform
> organic wastes into valueable biofertilizers are suprisingly
> similar between IM and EM.  After all, the practical applications
> of IM and EM arise from nature farming systems.
> In some of the developing countries where nature farming
> systems are widely employed, the intense poverty and
> self sufficient nature of farming is readily apparent. 
> The ability to "purchase" an off-farm input, a bottle of
> microbial inoculant, is severe restricted.   In these places
> "making your own" is appealing and also leads to further
> nnovations.
> Steve Diver
> http://www.attra.ncat.org
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> Karen Sutherland wrote:
> Al-Mario Casimir & Ian Alexander prepared a pamphlet for the Organic 
> Desk of the Division of Agriculture here in Dominica  explaining how 
> to produce your own EM using local organisms.
> ..... etc .....
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