[Homestead] Adobe bread baking ovens aka hornos
tvoivozd at infionline.net
Sat Feb 12 19:11:18 EST 2005
Adobe oven jar test of materials
An oven made from clay
Here are some simple but effective designs to enable you
to make an outdoor oven suitable for baking bread and
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adobe cross section - front!!
adobe cross section - side!!
(This oven relies on an abundance of clay soil being
http://www.cobcottage.com/coboven.html (beautiful Kiko
(Kiko Denzer book)
http://www.xmission.com/~dderhak/recipe/bread.htm (pan de
December/020916.html (limestone to quicklime, lot of
This oven is manufactured from clay, and some stick
The oven was designed to be used out-doors and will
provide baking facilities for a small group's daily needs.
It is created in two parts, the fire pit area and then the
The structure is straightforward and incorporates a wooden
frame as a former which will burn out leaving the fire pit
first and adobe oven secondly, ready to use.
The chimney can be made from an adobe mix and fire dried.
Building the oven
Using pliable twigs or strong grasses, make a structure
that resembles the shape of the pictures above. Make an
adobe mix from soil with a good amount of clay mixed in.
If you have cement available, so much the better. Plaster
the mix all over the outside of the frame to a uniform
depth of about 2 inches. You can check the depth by
pushing a match stick through the wall. Smooth off the
outside of the wall with a damp trowel or similar tool.
Allow the structure to dry a little. Place wood and
kindling inside the oven and light. Keep the fire going by
adding more wood - but slowly, you don't want to blow the
oven apart through having a furnace. You just want to "
cook" the clay with a hot, but not fierce heat.
When the oven is fully dried and the stick formers have
been burned out you can use the oven and bake bread.
Some experimentation may be needed depending on the
quality of the clay in the soil. Cement paving slabs have
successfully been used for the oven floor if the clay is
weak or of poor quality.
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