[freetds] Msg 170 Incorrect Syntax - could this be caused by oddcharacters in the table name?

Lowden, James K LowdenJK at bernstein.com
Thu Apr 1 10:04:16 EST 2004

> From: Andy Cranston [mailto:a.cranston at selwaymoore.com]
> Sent: April 1, 2004 6:04 AM
> $ ./csq A4800A
> select "Description","Manufacturer Code","Item Category Code"
> from "TEST SML$Item" where ("No_" = 'A4800A')
> Msg 170, Level 15, State 1
> Server 'BUSSYS', Line 1
> Line 1: Incorrect syntax near 'TEST SML$Item'.
> ./csq: part identifier lookup gave incorrect number of columns
> $
> So my syntax is wrong?  Ok - so this is a tsql transcript to the same
> server:
> $ tsql -S BUSSYS -U dbreadonly
> locale is "C"
> locale charset is "646"
> Password:
> Msg 5703, Level 0, State 1, Server BUSSYS, Line 0
> Changed language setting to us_english.
> 1> use Test
> 2> go
> 1> select "Description","Manufacturer Code","Item Category Code"
> 2> from "TEST SML$Item" where ("No_" = 'A4800A')
> 3> go
> Description     Manufacturer Code       Item Category Code
> PCI FWD SCSI2 Interface Card    HP      MISC
> 1> exit
> $
> This works perfectly.
> The only thing I can think of is that the table name:
> contains a space and a $ (dollar) character.  Could this be the cause of the
> syntax error and, if so, why does running the same query via tsql work when
> submiting the query via my C program does not?

Have a look at "Delimited Identifiers" in Books Online.  "SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON" affects how the double-quote symbol works.  Off, it works like a single-quote, as a string delimiter.  On, it indicates an object identifier (e.g. table name or column name).  

Rules of the game are that ODBC connections default to ON, and db-lib to OFF.  tsql's behavior is, er, undefined in this regard, as would be a ct-lib connection (e.g. sqsh).  ON adheres to SQL-92; OFF reflects how db-lib has consistently worked since Sybase delivered its first server 20 years ago.  

If I were writing your query, it would look like this:

	select Description, [Manufacturer Code], [Item Category Code]
	from [TEST SML$Item] where ([No_] = 'A4800A')

That's not standard SQL (yours is), but it will work with Microsoft servers irrespective of the QUOTED_IDENTIFIER setting.  


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