[b-hebrew] to'evah

Barry nebarry at verizon.net
Sun Mar 24 07:52:10 EDT 2013


On 3/24/2013 1:29 AM, Yigal Levin wrote:
On 3/23/2013 6:38 PM, Mike Burke wrote:

 > Does to'evah mean abomination, detestible, forbidden, or taboo?
 > And does it come from a root that means to detest?
 > Michael Burke
 > MichaelgBurk at yahoo.com <mailto:MichaelgBurk at yahoo.com>

  S8441 TWOT2530a GK9359117 n.f. abomination;—abs. ת׳ Gn 43:32 + 21 
times; תֹּעֵבָה Je 44:4; cstr. תּוֹעֲבַת Gn 46:34 +; pl. תּוֹעֵבוֹת Ez 8:6 +; cstr. 
תּוֹעֲבוֹת 6:11 +, etc.; sf. תֹּעֲבֹתָיו 2 Ch 36:8, etc.;— 1. ritual sense: a. 
Isr.’s sacrifices, ת׳ מִצְרַיִם (gen. obj.) Ex 8:22() (E), cf. Gn 46:34 (J); 
ת׳ למצרים 43:32 (J); ת׳ לְ of physical repugnance ψ 88:9. b. to God and 
his people: ת׳ of unclean food Dt 14:3; worshipper of idols Is 41:24, 
cf. Je 2:7; various objectionale acts: ת׳ לפני י׳ Dt 24:4; ת׳ י׳ 7:25 
(חֵרֶם, cf. v 26), 17:1; 18:12; 22:5; 23:19; 27:15; offering of children 
(עשׂה) 12:31, cf. Je 32:35, also pl. 2 K 16:3 = 2 Ch 28:3, Dt 18:9, 12 ( 
+ witchcraft); idolatrous practices (sometimes with other illegal acts) 
עשׂה (ך)ת׳ Dt 13:15; 17:4 Ez 16:50; 18:12 Mal 2:11 (intermarriage with 
idolaters), cf. Je 44:4; usually c. pl. noun Dt 20:18 1 K 14:24 2 K 
21:2, 11 2 Ch 33:2; 36:8 Je 7:10; 44:22 Ez 8:6 + 12 times Ez.; cf. 
תועבות 2 Ch 36:14 Ezr 9:1, 11, 14 Ez 5:9 + 18 times Ez.; of idols Dt 
32:16; (תועבה) 2 K 23:13 Is 44:19 (cf. Dt 27:15); idolatrous objects 2 
Ch 34:33; || שׁקּוצים Je 16:18 (RJE) Ez 5:11; 11:18, 21, (צַלְמֵי ת׳) 7:20; 
|| גלולים 14:6, cf. 6:9; גִּלּוּלֵי ת׳ 16:36. 2. ethical sense: a. c. gen. 
obj. of man, ת׳ שְׂפָתַי Pr 8:7, ת׳ מלכים 16:12, ת׳ צדיקים 29:27a, ת׳ כסילים 
13:19, ת׳ רָשָׁע 29:27b, ת׳ לְאָדָם 24:9. b. to God and his people: ת׳ of 
sacrifice of wicked Pr 21:27 (cf. 15:8), his prayers 28:9 cf. Is 1:13 
(ת׳ לְ), prob. also Je 6:15 = 8:12 (of various kinds of wickedness); 
unchastity Lv 18:22; c. עשׂה 20:13 (H) Ez 22:11; 33:26; cf. תועבות Lv 
18:26, 27, 29 (cf. v 30; H), also Pr 26:25; ת׳ י׳ Dt 25:16 Pr 3:32 + 10 
times Pr., cf 6:16.

Brown, F., Driver, S. R., & Briggs, C. A. (2000). Enhanced 
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (electronic ed.) 
(1072–1073). Oak Harbor, WA: Logos Research Systems.


-- 
N.E. Barry Hofstetter
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