[b-hebrew] Amalek's attacks before the big battle of Ex 17:8?

JimStinehart at aol.com JimStinehart at aol.com
Thu Jul 11 10:55:47 EDT 2013

Chris Watts: 
To understand the Amalek stories in the Bible, it helps  to know who Amalek 
represents.  The  individual name “Amalek” comes from the group name first 
set forth at Genesis  14: 7:  (MLQY.  That is probably the Hebrew rendering 
 of:  A-ma-li-qa-ya.  Amm- means “to see” in Hurrian, and  always has some 
suffix as a common word, such as am-mu-li.  Attested Hurrian personal names 
based on  this root are Am-ma-a-a, Am-ma-aq-qa and A-ma-aq-qa, all three of 
which probably  mean [or imply]: “Teshup Sees”.  As  compared to the 
attested name A-ma-aq-qa, the Biblical rendering has added the  suffix -li as the 
first suffix, which is attested in the common word am-mu-li,  and has added 
the -a-a [or -ia or -ya] theophoric ending that is attested in  Am-ma-a-a 
[and in the other names is merely implied]. 
At Genesis 14: 7, the “Amalekites” are victims of Hittite  aggression, and 
as such may be viewed primarily in a positive light.  However, in the rest 
of the Bible, this  one “Teshup Sees” individual, (MLQ/“Amalek”, 
personifies a Hurrian remnant who  opposed the Israelites.  By  contrast, a majority 
of the Hurrian remnant is portrayed in the Bible as joining  forces with the 
Israelites:  Caleb,  Heber, Jael, Uriah, Araunah, the Jebusites, etc.  The 
Bible tells us over and over and  over again that most of the Hurrian 
remnant were absorbed by the Israelites,  whereas a few Hurrians, personified as 
Amalek, allied with those peoples who  opposed the Israelites.  
Jim Stinehart 
Evanston,  Illinois
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