[b-hebrew] qamatz and patax

Isaac Fried if at math.bu.edu
Sun Aug 11 16:37:11 EDT 2013


Taken from:

http://he.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D7%A0%D7%A1%D7%A4%D7%97:%D7%9B%D7%9C% 
D7%9C%D7%99_%D7%A0%D7%99%D7%A7%D7%95%D7%93_%D7%91%D7%A1%D7%99%D7%A1% 
D7%99%D7%99%D7%9D

An example (originally in Hebrew) for the "rule of syllables  
punctuation": the word עכביש AKABIY$ of Is. 59:5

1. Syllable division: ע|כ|ביש
2. Stress location: עכביש
3. Nature of the syllables and their punctuation:
    עַ – closed, unstressed, short (closed by a dagesh forte)
    כָּ – open unstressed, long
    בִישׁ – closed, stressed, long

Punctuation: עַכָּבִישׁ

I am saying:
1. A "hard" sounding כ K indicating a dagesh in the letter –> a  
patax (not a qamatz) under the first letter עַ
2. A "soft" sounding ב B indicating a lack of dagesh in the letter – 
 > a qamatz (not a patax) under the letter כ K.
3. A xiriq under the letter ב B, as heard

Punctuation: עַכָּבִישׁ

Isaac Fried, Boston University

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