[b-hebrew] Shabbat in construct state?

Jerry Shepherd jshepherd53 at gmail.com
Thu Aug 8 15:07:26 EDT 2013

Hi Ari,

Your questions are intriguing.  It may be that GKC sect. 130 provides the

Here is a passage from that section (130a) that may help explain the
occurrence in Num 28:10.

"The construct state, which, . . . primarily represents only the immediate
government by one substantive of the following word (or combination of
words), is frequently employed in rapid narrative as a connecting form,
even apart from the genitive relation; so especially . . ."

This then leads into a discussion of places where this occurs with the
preposition B..  Perhaps this explains what is happening in Num 28:10.
then, the Masoretes were simply inconsistent in the way they pointed the
same construction in Isa 66:23.

Also in the same section (130e), there is a listing of places where there
is a simple apposition without a genitival relationship, yet the first word
in the apposition is pointed as if in construct.

I hope this helps.  If you don't have access to GKC and want some more
information, please contact me.



Jerry Shepherd
Taylor Seminary
Edmonton, Alberta
jshepherd53 at gmail.com

On Wed, Aug 7, 2013 at 6:37 AM, AMK Judaica <amkjudaica at hotmail.com> wrote:

> The following examples of שבת have a patah under the bet rather than the
> expected kamatz:
> 2. Numbers: 28:10
> עֹלַ֥ת שַׁבַּ֖ת בְּשַׁבַּתּ֑וֹ עַל-עֹלַ֥ת הַתָּמִ֖יד וְנִסְכָּֽהּ׃ פ
> 4. Chronicles I: 9:32
> וּמִן-בְּנֵ֧י הַקֳּהָתִ֛י מִן-אֲחֵיהֶ֖ם עַל-לֶ֣חֶם הַֽמַּעֲרָ֑כֶת לְהָכִ֖ין
> שַׁבַּ֥ת שַׁבָּֽת׃
> Some references list these occurrences under a construct rubric, which
> explains the patah. But why is there a construct state here? And regarding
> the first example, why does the identical phrase
> 2. Isaiah: 66:23
> וְהָיָ֗ה מִֽדֵּי-חֹ֙דֶשׁ֙ בְּחָדְשׁ֔וֹ וּמִדֵּ֥י שַׁבָּ֖ת בְּשַׁבַּתּ֑וֹ יָב֧וֹא
> כָל-בָּשָׂ֛ר לְהִשְׁתַּחֲוֹ֥ת לְפָנַ֖י אָמַ֥ר ה'׃
> have a kamatz?
> Thank you,
> Ari
> **********
> Ari Kinsberg
> MA, PharmD, RPh, Certified Immunizer
> Brooklyn, New York
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