[b-hebrew] suffixes

George Athas George.Athas at moore.edu.au
Thu Mar 1 23:52:01 EST 2012

I quote from HALOT (A little dense, but relevant info and references are in there)—and as you'll see, HALOT claims 170 occurrences.

II חוה: ‏הִשְׁתַּחֲוָה‎, trad. hitpal. of → שׁחה (BL 420k; Bergsträsser 2:164i), MHb., JArm. pe. and hitpal. (Jastrow 1547); reflexive šafel, but attested in Hebrew only for this verb: VG 1:525ff; BL 486k; Beer-M. §72:1c, 82:5c, cf. Ug. y/tštḥwy to be prostrate before (ḥwy UTGl. 847; Aistleitner 912; Driver Myths 138a; Albright JPOS 12:19741 and in Rowley Modern Study 32f; Hammershaimb 53, 221f), Arb. ḥwy V to curl up, ? Eg. ḥwy to beat (Gordon); cf. שׁחח.

eštaf (170 x): pf. ‏הִשְׁתַּחֲוָה‎, ‏וֵיתִי‎/‏הִשְׁתַּחֲוִיתָ‎, ‏הִשְׁתַּחֲוֵיתִי‎, ‏הִשְׁתַּחֲווּ‎, impf. ‏יִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה‎/‏אֶ‎, ‏וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲוֶה‎, ‏תָּֽחוּ‎/‏וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ‎, pl. ‏יִשְׁתַּחֲווּ‎, ‏וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲוֻּ‎ Gn 4328 (Q ‏ווּ‎-, ‏חֲווּ‎-, K ‏חוּ‎-), ‏וַתִּשְׁתַּחֲוֶיןָ‎, impv. ‏ווּ‎/‏הִשְׁתַּחֲוִי‎, inf. ‏הִשְׁתַּחֲוֹת‎ (‏לשתחות 1QPHab xii:13, → BL 228a; Elliger Nah.-Mal. 495) בְּהִשְׁתַחֲוָיָתִי 2K 518 (Aramaism BL 426, Montgomery-G. 579), pt. ‏מִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה‎, ‏מִשְׁתַּחֲוִים‎, ‏מִשְׁתַּחֲוִיתֶם‎ Ezk 816 mixed form from pt. and pf., rd. מִשְׁתַּחֲוִים (:: Gordon RSO 32:31): to bow down (Akk. šukēnu, Arb. sajada, προσκυνεῖν: with אֶרֶץ Is 4923, with ‏אָֽרְצָה to the earth Gn 182, ‏אַפַּיִם אָֽרְצָה 191 and ‏לְאַפָּיו אָֽרְצָה 4812 with his face to the earth, with לְ before Ps 995.9 2230 (rd. אַךְ לוֹ יִשְׁתַּחֲווּ) with ‏עַל‎ before Lv 261, with ‏אֶל towards Ps 58; ‏קָדַד וְהִשְׁ׳ (קדד only in this connection) Gn 2426 and oft., lying (→ Noth Könige 28) Gn 4731 1K 147 †; —1. before a higher person (Östrup 30ff): beggar 1S 236, supplicants before someone in authority Gn 337, Absalom 2S 1433 before David, bride before the king Ps 4512, woman before man 1S 2523, before prophet 2K 437; metaph. the nations before Israel Gn 2729; —2. in worship: before the stars Dt 419, before פֶּסֶל Ex 205; before רִמּוֹן in the temple 2K 518, before the holy mountain Ps 999, generally as attitude of prayer (→ Ap-Thomas VT 6:229f; Reicke-R. 518ff).

Director of Postgraduate Studies,
Moore Theological College (moore.edu.au)
Sydney, Australia

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