[b-hebrew] The root XRM
if at math.bu.edu
Tue Jul 17 21:25:09 EDT 2012
It is a member of the family of roots
גרם, חרם, כרם, קרם
GRM, XRM, KRM, QRM
all meaning 'pile up, accumulate, aggregate, particulate'.
From GRM we have the act GARAM, 'crush, break up' as in Nu. 24:8,
and GEREM, 'structure, skeleton', as in 2Ki 9:13 and Job 40:18.
From XRM we have the act XARAM, 'ruin, wreck, turn into rubble, tear
down, destroy, heap debris' as in Is. 11:15. Also XEREM, 'plunder,
accumulation, separation, confiscation, consecration' as in Jos. 6:18
Also 'net' as in Hab. 1:15.
The XARUM of Lev. 21:18 is possibly 'humped'. Some say it is 'dug out'.
From KRM we have KEREM, 'aggregation of trees, covering growth,
plantation, vineyard, hillock?' as in Jud. 15:5.
From QRM we have the act QARAM, 'cover over', as in Ez. 37:6. Today
we use QRUM for 'crust'.
Isaac Fried, Boston University
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