[b-hebrew] Alleged "prophetic tense"

Jerry Shepherd jshepherd53 at gmail.com
Thu Dec 6 01:24:05 EST 2012

Hi Isaac,

Thanks for this example.  Two things:

(1) Keep in mind that I said "primarily," not "only."

(2) The translation you have provided is by no means the only possibility.
Other possible renderings, as a main verb, are, "God is bringing" and "God
has been bringing."  It is also possible to construe the first half of the
verse as employing a non-articular use of the participle as an adjective or
appositional phrase, as in the NRSV:  "God, who brings them out of Egypt,
is like the horns of the wild ox for them." (see also NJPS and LXX).


Jerry Shepherd
Taylor Seminary
Edmonton, Alberta
jshepherd53 at gmail.com

On Wed, Dec 5, 2012 at 8:43 PM, Isaac Fried <if at math.bu.edu> wrote:

> Nu. 23:22:
> אל מוציאם ממצרים כתועפת ראם לו
> God brought them out of Egypt ...
> Isaac Fried, Boston University
> On Dec 5, 2012, at 1:15 PM, Jerry Shepherd wrote:
> Qotel, when used as the main verb, is primarily present and future

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