[b-hebrew] Takhrir and Shikhrur

Yigal Levin Yigal.Levin at biu.ac.il
Mon Nov 21 17:31:37 EST 2011

I have not checked this, and since I'm sitting at the food court of the Moscone Convention Center in San Francisco at the moment I have no way to check, but I think that the root of Tahrir is cognate to the Hebrew XRR (Het Resh Resh), from which we get the Mishnaic Hebrew Herut and "Benei Horin" (free men). I don't recall this root in the Bible.

I think (but am not sure) that "Shihrur" is a modern form, using the binyan Shaph'el, common in Akkadian but not in Classical Hebrew, but very much used in Modern Hebrew (Shakhpel - replicate; Shakhtev - rewrite; Shadreg - up(or down)grade; and so Shahrer - make free). 

Karl is of course correct that Hebrew SH is often paralleled by Aramaic T. This is also true for Arabic, and thus Hebrew Shnayim (two) is Arabic Tneyn, Aramaic Tarten; Hebrew Shalosh (three) is Thalath and so on. I don't know enough Arabic grammar to know what binyan Tahrir is, but it's obviously related.

Yigal Levin

-----Original Message-----
From: b-hebrew-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org [mailto:b-hebrew-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] On Behalf Of K Randolph
Sent: Monday, November 21, 2011 11:01 PM
To: Uzi Silber
Cc: b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
Subject: Re: [b-hebrew] Takhrir and Shikhrur


I know of no such word “liberation” in Tanakh or Biblical Hebrew.

On your second point, there are several words in Biblical Aramaic that show
that ‘sh’ to ‘t’ substitution, including:

תוב to return
תמה that place, there
תנין second
תקל to weigh

So I think it possible that such a substitution could also occur between
Hebrew and Arabic.

Karl W. Randolph.

On Mon, Nov 21, 2011 at 12:02 PM, Uzi Silber <uzisilber at gmail.com> wrote:

> Greetings fellow Tanakh aficionados:
> During the Arab upheaval in Cairo's Tahrir Square, reportage always
> translated 'Tahrir' as 'Liberation'.
> Now Tahrir does resemble the Hebrew 'shikhrur' which also means
> liberation.  I suspect the two are indeed linguistically related.
> Are they? Please advise.  If indeed 'T'  would be substituting for
> 'Sh', are there other examples of this particular substitution in the
> Mikra? I do know there are other letters that substitute for each
> other.
> thanks
> Uzi Silber
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