[b-hebrew] What MASORAH did the MASORATES follow?

Isaac Fried if at math.bu.edu
Tue Apr 26 08:40:58 EDT 2011

I agree with you on the the *qatal, *qatil, *qatul of "proto- 
semitic", yet, considering the astounding rate of change of present- 
day Hebrew (see the article on the fate of the xirik) it is fair to  
assume that pure "proto-semitic" did not last more than 50 years.  
Also, the "masorates" are possibly but some poor young, newly  
arrived, Karaites in the godforsaken town of Tiberias under Beduin  
rule in the 9th century. Did they "trace back" their MASORAH to  
"cognate languages"? What made them place a dagesh in the T of KATON- 
TIY of Genesis 32:11?

Isaac Fried, Boston University

On Apr 26, 2011, at 5:25 AM, Randall Buth wrote:

>> In Genesis 32:11 we find KATON-TIY, in Gen 43:14 we find $AKOL-TIY,
> in Deut. 9:19 we find YAGOR-TIY, and in Jer. 50:24 we find YAQO$-TIY,
> all with a dagesh in the T of the attached pronoun -ATIY = -ANIY,
> implying, in my opinion, that the xolam is not original.
> Isaac Fried, Boston University>
> It would be a shame to mess up a nice theory by looking at wider
> evidence, where it is clear that simple verbs (aka Qal, no consonantal
> expansion) existed in three flavors
> corresponding to the three cardinal vowels:
> *qatal, *qatil, *qatul (aka in Hebrew: qatal, qatel, qatol).
> So in answer to your question, the Masoretes followed a masorah whose
> roots go all the way back to proto-Semitic and that can be traced
> in cognate languages, too. Pretty impressive.
> -- 
> Randall Buth, PhD
> www.biblicallanguagecenter.com
> Biblical Language Center
> Learn Easily - Progress Further - Remember for Life
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