[b-hebrew] someone knows? HMT

Randall Buth randallbuth at gmail.com
Thu Apr 21 11:40:01 EDT 2011


shalom Nir,
katavta:

> whether this T-dagesh construction is general in the tanakh or
not, i cannot say as i have no access to heavy machinery. but one
should look for roots like
    $T, NXT, (hifil: HYNXYT), KRT, (hifil: HYKhRYT), KFT,
    KTT, (piel: KYTET), $TT, STT, (WT (hiil)
that end with T, in past tense, before
    -TY (first person) or -TA/T (secnd sing) or -TEM/TEN (second plural)
and see whether the dagesh always appears and one T is dropped.
i think the answer is yes, and then euphony would be the only plausible
reason.>


You are basically correct, and checking this out is what anyone disputing
this
should have done along time ago.

Here are the references where a verb is found with a root
ending in 't' and with a suffix beginning with 't'. In all cases,
where the two 't' would come into phonetic juxtaposition,
only ONE taw is written. This does not make for interesting
reading. But it documents the data.

Gen. 19:19‏, ‎Ex. 1:16‏, ‎Ex. 5:5‏, ‎Ex. 23:31‏, ‎Ex. 34:27‏, ‎Lev. 17:10‏,
‎Lev. 20:3‏, ‎Lev. 20:5‏, ‎Lev. 20:6‏, ‎Lev. 26:6‏, ‎Lev. 26:30‏ , ‎Num.
14:15‏, ‎Num. 17:6‏, ‎Num. 32:15‏, ‎Deut. 4:25‏, ‎Deut. 20:20‏, ‎Deut. 31:16
‏, ‎Josh. 23:4‏, ‎1Sam. 15:3‏, ‎1Sam. 17:35‏, ‎2Sam. 1:16‏, ‎2Sam.
13:28‏, ‎2Sam.
14:30‏, ‎1Kings 9:7‏, ‎1Kings 14:10‏, ‎1Kings 21:21‏, ‎2Kings 9:8‏, ‎2Kings
17:38‏, ‎Is. 9:3‏, ‎Is. 13:11‏, ‎Is. 14:20‏, ‎Is. 14:22‏, ‎Is. 14:30‏, ‎Is.
16:10‏, ‎Is. 21:2‏, ‎Jer. 7:34‏, ‎Jer. 11:10‏, ‎Jer. 17:27‏, ‎Jer.
21:14‏, ‎Jer.
31:31‏, ‎Jer. 31:32‏, ‎Jer. 32:40‏, ‎Jer. 34:13‏, ‎Jer. 43:12‏, ‎Jer. 48:33‏,
‎Jer. 48:35‏, ‎Jer. 49:27‏, ‎Jer. 49:37‏, ‎Jer. 50:32‏, ‎Jer. 51:20‏, ‎Ezek.
7:24‏, ‎Ezek. 12:23‏, ‎Ezek. 14:8‏, ‎Ezek. 14:13‏, ‎Ezek. 14:17‏, ‎Ezek.
16:41‏, ‎Ezek. 21:8‏, ‎Ezek. 21:9‏, ‎Ezek. 23:27‏, ‎Ezek. 23:48‏, ‎Ezek.
25:7‏, ‎Ezek. 25:13‏, ‎Ezek. 25:16‏, ‎Ezek. 26:13‏, ‎Ezek. 28:8‏, ‎Ezek.
28:17‏, ‎Ezek. 29:8‏, ‎Ezek. 30:10‏, ‎Ezek. 30:13‏, ‎Ezek. 30:15‏, ‎Ezek.
34:10‏, ‎Ezek. 34:25‏, ‎Ezek. 35:7‏, ‎Ezek. 37:26‏, ‎Hos. 1:4‏, ‎Hos. 2:5‏,
‎Hos. 2:13‏, ‎Hos. 2:20‏, ‎Hos. 9:16‏, ‎Amos 1:5‏, ‎Amos 1:8‏, ‎Amos 1:14‏,
‎Amos 2:3‏, ‎Obad. 10‏, ‎Mic. 5:9‏, ‎Mic. 5:10‏, ‎Mic. 5:11‏, ‎Mic.
5:12‏, ‎Nah.
2:14‏, ‎Zeph. 1:3‏, ‎Zeph. 1:4‏, ‎Zeph. 3:6‏, ‎Hag. 2:5‏, ‎Zech. 9:6‏, ‎Zech.
9:10‏, ‎Zech. 11:10‏, ‎Mal. 2:8‏, ‎Psa. 8:7‏, ‎Psa. 73:27‏, ‎Psa. 73:28‏, ‎Psa.
88:7‏, ‎Psa. 88:9‏, ‎Psa. 89:4‏, ‎Psa. 89:24‏, ‎Psa. 89:45‏, ‎Psa. 90:8‏, ‎Psa.
119:119‏, ‎Job 7:14‏, ‎Job 23:17‏, ‎Job 31:1‏, ‎Prov. 23:8‏, ‎Dan.
8:17‏, ‎2Chr.
7:18‏
(Is 9.3 [root H.t.t.] fits this picture, too, because haHitt-o-ta has a
separating vowel between the collapsed root letters that precede, and the
suffix. Thus, the suffix cannot be joined to the previous 'taw', because of
the vowel. The other two H.t.t. examples, Jer 49.37 and Job 7.14, show both
root letters and the suffix joins the second root letter-taw, like all of
the other examples above.)

So the voice is unanimous.
It's not often when things are that black and white in language.

blessings
Randall Buth

-- 
Randall Buth, PhD
www.biblicallanguagecenter.com
Biblical Language Center
Learn Easily - Progress Further - Remember for Life


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