[b-hebrew] Asher in Ps 51:10?

K Randolph kwrandolph at gmail.com
Thu Apr 7 11:40:27 EDT 2011


Dear Pere:

Sorry for misspelling your name. Won’t do it again.

On Wed, Apr 6, 2011 at 10:52 PM, Pere Porta <pporta7 at gmail.com> wrote:


>  Secondly, it is quite an oddity for me that "dikita" (or DKYT) is an
> adjective.
> This is a Piel form, second person singular masculine. The same as
> "tsivita" in Ps 7:7
>

The Masoretic points are wrong (not surprising) as the context and syntax
indicate that this is an adjective.

>
> I thought that the sentence is (or means)
> "The bones that you crushed will rejoice"
> This is why I thought an "asher" should be there: "tagelna 'atsamot asher
> atah dikita"
> Assuming that 'DKYT' is an adjective.... can you bring here other similar
> adjectives (within the bible, of course) that are like this?
>

The -YT ending can be added to a verb to change it to a noun, adjective or
adverb:

To regular verbs, e.g. ראשית, חפשית

To ayin doubled verbs, e.g. ברית soap, כתית, רבית

To lamed-heh verbs, e.g.  צפית, ראית

In the ayin doubled verbs, the doubling of the ayin is dropped and replaced
with the yod-tau suffix, and for the lamed-heh verbs, the final heh is
dropped and replaced with the yod-tau suffix.

So in this verse, I read the final word as דכה changed to an adjective by
dropping the final heh and adding the yod-tau suffix to make דכית.
Therefore, no “asher” is needed yet it makes perfect sense contextually and
as it is written.

>
> Heartly,
>
> Pere Porta
> (Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain)
>
> Hope this helps.

Karl W. Randolph.



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