[b-hebrew] Plural of חֵרֵשׁ (deaf)
pporta7 at gmail.com
Thu Apr 7 01:34:10 EDT 2011
I would say that in חֵרְשִׁים the second sere of חֵרֵשׁ does not get
reduced. it simply vanishes and a shewa takes its place.
You assume that "under normal conditions" the first tsere would get reduced.
But this is not true.
a) first root consonant guttural:
In Gn 5:29 ------- אֵרְרָהּ, he cursed her (Some codexes have hatef patah
and not shewa)
b) first root consonant other than guttural:
In Jb 6:7 -------- מֵאֲנָה, she rejected (and not מֲאֵנָה)
In Ps 129:8 ------- בֵּרַכְנוּ, we blessed, of בֵּרֵךְ (Ps 10:3)
As for a reference:
-1. First of all my own work on Hebrew patterns (named "Oham" = Otsar
ha-mishqalym), where I've deeply studied about nine thousand (9,000)
-2. The Academy of the Hebrew Language stated: Nouns having sere in their
first syllable and also in their second one drop the second sere and take
shewa instead, with the following exception:
They take segol and not shewa when suffixes -kha, -khem or -khen are added;
but if the second root consonant is guttural a patah replaces the segol.
But remark: the first sere remains.
Of course, I can give you the Academy's exact reference if it is of your
I hope this will be useful and helpful.
Kind regards from
(Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain)
2011/4/7 George Athas <George.Athas at moore.edu.au>
> That explanation doesn't sit well with me, since the sere vowel is
> reducible, and under normal conditions, it would be the first sere in חֵרֵשׁ
> that gets reduced. Why does the first remain, and the second get reduced?
> Do you happen to have a reference to which you could direct me?
> GEORGE ATHAS
> Moore Theological College (Sydney, Australia)
> From: Pere Porta <pporta7 at gmail.com<mailto:pporta7 at gmail.com>>
> Date: Wed, 6 Apr 2011 16:32:12 +0200
> To: George Athas <george.athas at moore.edu.au<mailto:
> george.athas at moore.edu.au>>
> Cc: B-Hebrew <b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org<mailto:b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
> Subject: Re: [b-hebrew] Plural of חֵרֵשׁ (deaf)
> Dear George,
> This is not a morphological "oddity"; this is the usual plural form of
> words like "heresh". For instance, of "qereaH", bald (Lv 13:40).
> The form with hatef patah in the first syllable and tsere in the second one
> is ONLY for adjective "aher", other (look at Gn 23:13) and for words having
> (in the singular absolute) qamats in their first syllable plus tsere in
> their second one and whose first root consonant is guttural: haber, friend
> (Jd 20:11), arel, uncircumcised (Jr 9:25), ayef, tired (Jd 8:4)
> Kind regards from
> Pere Porta
> (Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain)
> b-hebrew mailing list
> b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
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