[b-hebrew] why?

Donald R. Vance, Ph.D. donaldrvance at mac.com
Fri Jul 2 16:52:23 EDT 2010


The anaptyctic seghôl exerted such pressure that it entirely replaced  
the a in the a-class segholates (e.g., *málek --> mélek) and even the  
i in a few i-class segholates (e.g., *qíber --> *qéber), but not the  
o of the u-class segholates. (In the course of the development of  
Hebrew, the u became o in the u-class segholates, *qúde$ --> *qóde$.)  
Finally, since it is a characteristic of Biblical Hebrew that the  
vowel in the accented syllable of nouns is normally lengthened, the i  
of the i-class segholates became ê (i.e., sêrê) and the o of the u- 
class segholates became ô (i.e., hôlem), but, the accented seghôl of  
the a-class segholates (and of the i-class segholates that had one)  
was not lengthened.

Donald R. Vance, Ph.D.
Professor of Biblical Languages and Literature
Oral Roberts University
dvance at oru.edu
donaldrvance at mac.com

On Jul 2, 2010, at 11:51 AM, Pere Porta wrote:

> (PP)
>>> Concerning noun "yesha', salvation (Ps 20:7) and noun "zera'",  
>>> seed (Gn
>>> 47:23), a student asks why the first has tsere in the first syllable
>> while
>>> the
>>> latter has segol.
>>> What good reason could we give him for this difference? Maybe the
>> presence
>>> of resh in "zera'" would be a sufficient reason?
>> (YS)
>> If you look at the nouns with suffixed pronouns you will see they  
>> have
>> different
>> vowels:
>> ישע - gives ישעו in Ps 85:10 with a hirik
>> זרע - gives זרעו in Gen 1:11 with a patah
>> The difference then is in the root form.  The noun form of seed is  
>> qatl
>> whereas
>> the noun form of salvation is qitl.  In the independent non- 
>> suffixed form,
>> the
>> qatl formed a seghol in the first syllable whereas the qitl formed  
>> a tsere.
>> In
>> both cases the normal second vowel of seghol became patah due to the
>> guttural.
>>  (PP)
> Is this a satisfaying answer, Yitzhak?  We have "bigdo", his garment  
> (2K
> 4:39), of beged (Lev 11:32), garment... Namely a segolated (first  
> syllable
> with segol and not with tsere) + pronoun changes segol to hiriq...
> And there are other samples...
> Pere Porta
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> -- 
> Pere Porta
> "Ei nekrói ouk eguéirontai, fágomen kai píomen áurion gar  
> apothnéskomen"
> (1Cor 15:32)
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