[b-hebrew] Year 14

Yigal Levin leviny1 at mail.biu.ac.il
Wed Oct 21 13:06:25 EDT 2009

Jim, the verses involved explain exactly what "year fourteen" means: the
local kings were enslaved for twelve years, rebelled on the thirteenth, and
Chedorlaomer and his allies reacted on the fourteenth. That's all there is
to it. And we are also NOT going to repeat the discussion on your suggested
identifications of these kings and of the historical background of the
story. If anyone's interested, he can look up your old posts in the

Yigal Levin

Co-moderator, B-Hebrew

-----Original Message-----
From: b-hebrew-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org
[mailto:b-hebrew-bounces at lists.ibiblio.org] On Behalf Of
JimStinehart at aol.com
Sent: Wednesday, October 21, 2009 4:29 PM
To: George.Athas at moore.edu.au; b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
Subject: [b-hebrew] Year 14

If we cannot discuss a 6-month "year", I wonder if we may instead be 
allowed to discuss the apparent Biblical reference to Year 14, being one of
most important 12-month years in mankind's history?  Here is what Genesis
5 says:
"And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer and the kings that were with 
him, and smote" [various parties, and then later destroyed a league of five 
rebellious princelings].
Is the Biblical reference to "the fourteenth year" there a reference to 
historical Year 14?  The number 14 never appears elsewhere in the
narratives.  The number 14 seems to have no symbolic value.  Is this, then, 
an open reference to Year 14 in secular history?
Note that both in Year 14 in secular history, and in "the fourteenth year" 
at Genesis 14: 1-11, we see the following:
1.  Four attacking rulers.
2.  .utterly demolish.
3.  .a league of five princelings.  This is aptly summarized at Genesis 14: 
9 as:  "four kings against the five".
4.  The kingly title of one attacking ruler is MLK (LM.
5.  Another attacking ruler either has the nickname "Tidal", or ruthlessly 
murdered his older brother named "Tidal"/Tudhaliya to seize the Hittite 
throne.  [As a nasty Hebrew nickname, "Tidal" in historical context 
effectively means "Murderer".]
6.  Another attacking ruler has a Hurrian princeling name, and was either 
re-educated by the Hittites at or near Alisar in the Hittite heartland, or 
bears the derogatory title "king of Alisar", effectively meaning "Hittite 
7.  The fourth attacking ruler is an "Amorite Splittest", either being the 
"Amorite"/)MR ruler who historically "split off"/PL the "Amorite"/)MR 
state of "Amurru"/)MR in northern Lebanon from the rest of Canaan, selling 
out to the Hittites, or bears a nickname, )MR + PL, that means "Amorite 
Splittest".  [Four Hebrew verbs meaning basically "to split off" start with
*       *       *
And remember, the Biblical text gives us the  e-x-a-c-t  year in secular 
history that all those things happened:  Year 14/"the fourteenth year".
This is no "myth".  No way.  No, this is pinpoint accurate secular 
history, coming straight out of the Bronze Age.
Catch the pulsating excitement of the Patriarchal narratives.  As of Year 
Jim Stinehart
Evanston, Illinois   

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