[b-hebrew] Light be made versus Let there be light.
cosmos at intergate.com
Thu Oct 1 20:39:15 EDT 2009
James and list members:
If anyone knows (if the information exists at all), what is the logic that
Tyndale used in the translation: "Let there be light..." Do other
translations that render the Hebrew this way merely follow suit, or have
they chosen based upon considerations from within the text?
----- Original Message -----
From: "James Christian" <jc.bhebrew at googlemail.com>
To: "b-hebrew" <b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Wednesday, September 23, 2009 7:05 AM
Subject: [b-hebrew] Light be made versus Let there be light.
> Hi all,
> recently I said:
> ויאמר אלהים יהי אור Traditionally we translate this as 'And God said "Let
> there be light"'. The 'let there be light' idiom we owe to William Tyndale
> who coined the phrase structure 'let there be...'. Personally, I don't
> this is particularly good English (at least not in our modern world). I
> this as a direct command 'Make light!'. The Greek of the LXX agrees with
> thought of a direct command using the verb 'to make' but uses the passive
> version 'καὶ εἶπεν ὁ θεός γενηθήτω φῶς'. In English, we get the awkward
> translation of 'light be made' which can be made more palatable by a
> to the 'let...' structure 'let light be made'.
> Just now I checked the Tyndale and Wycliffe translations online using
> the crosswire parallel reader at
> http://www.crosswire.org/study/parallelstudy.jsp?key=genesis I was
> pleasantly surprised to see that Wycliffe offered a similar
> translation view:
> Wycliffe: And God seide, Liyt be maad, and liyt was maad.
> Tyndale: Than God sayd: let there be lyghte and there was lyghte.
> I don't honestly see objections on the basis of the use of the verb
> 'make' as particularly valid. This may well have been a part of the
> semantic field of the verb HYH. Whoever translated the LXX certainly
> seemed to think it was or that an idiomatic translation commanded such
> an understanding. The Latin Vulgate rendition 'dixitque Deus fiat lux
> et facta est lux' also seems to support such a view with its use of
> James Christian
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