[b-hebrew] waw "conseq" series -- chronological and logical

Roe d.roe at t-online.de
Wed Nov 18 22:29:21 EST 2009

Hi Dave,

Thanks. Please pardon the term "succession."

Can there be shifts from chronological to logical within a singular 
series?  E.g., "he entered the city, [and] he found the court 
(chronological), [and] he went before the king (chronological), [and] he 
pleaded his case (chronological), so that the king would pardon him 

Thanks again,

D.W. Roe
Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany

dwashbur at nyx.net schrieb:
> On 19 Nov 2009 at 2:42, Roe wrote:
>> Hello,
>> If the answer to my question is too complex for an email response,
>> please refer me to helpful literature -- if it's too simple, my
>> apologies...
>> Within a single waw series of perfect followed by imperfects, is it
>> possible (or even frequent) that the imperfect waw relatives shift
>> from 
>> chronological succession to logical succession (and vice versa)? Or
>> must 
>> all imperfects in the series be either chronological or logical?
> There is no "succession," whether chronological or logical, encoded in the so-called "waw 
> consecutive."  It's a simple statement, which is why it works well for narrative prose.  
> Succession is actually encoded in the meanings of the statements being made.  "He went 
> before the king.  He pleaded his case."  There's succession here, but it doesn't come from 
> the verb forms; it comes from the fact that it's difficult to plead one's case with the king if one 
> has not come before him first.  Logical succession follows the same pattern: it results from 
> what is being said/done, not the verb form being used to say it.
> Dave Washburn
> http://www.nyx.net/~dwashbur
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