[b-hebrew] Apiru/Habiru revisited...

David Kummerow farmerjoeblo at hotmail.com
Mon Jan 12 19:49:11 EST 2009

Have a look at the following:

Rainey, Anson F. 1987. Review of Oswald Loretz, Habiru-Hebräer. Eine 
sozio-linguistiche Studie über die Herkunft des Gentiliziums ‘ibrî vom 
Appellativum habiru. Journal of the American Oriental Society 107: 539-541.

Rainey, Anson F. 1995. “Unruly Elements in Late Bronze Canaanite 
Society.” Pages 481-496 in Pomegranates and Golden Bells: Studies in 
Biblical, Jewish, and Near Eastern Ritual, Law, and Literature in Honor 
of Jacob Milgrom. Edited by David P. Wright, David N. Freedman, and Avi 
Hurvitz. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.

Rainey, Anson F. 2002. “The ‘Amârnah Texts a Century after Flinders 
Petrie.” Ancient Near Eastern Studies 39: 44-75.

David Kummerow.

> Good day to all!
> I have been reading posting to this group only for some weeks now.
> Quite likely, the issue had been touched on before...
> In a nutshell, 
> Is there any final consensus on the connection/lack-of-connection between the Habiru/Apiru and the ancient Hebrews, and,
> Is there any final consensus on the origins of the word in Semetic languages (to my understanding related to the root Ayin-Phei-Reish-- as in "dust", the dusty or dusty feet ones... Or is it related to Ayin-Beth-Reish, as the bible claims, namely standing for "trans"--those who have arrived from trans river or even desert etc.)
> and, 
> Is there any final consensus on the the label's incorporation into Egyptian usage?
> Gad Za"k

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