[b-hebrew] The use of the Yiqtol in Isaiah 1:21

Isaac Fried if at math.bu.edu
Tue Apr 21 13:26:19 EDT 2009

YA-LIN of Isaiah 1:21 is merely 'he-reside'. YA-$IR of Exodus 15:1 is  
merely 'he-sing'. You can farther read into it your heart's desire.

Isaac Fried, Boston University

On Apr 20, 2009, at 12:05 PM, Joseph Justiss wrote:

> The Yiqtol in Isaiah 1:21 is handled by most English translations  
> and the major versions as some kind of past reference  
> "Righteousness dwelt/used to dwell in her" with the Targum using a  
> paraphrastic construction "was done in her" (a perfect form of "to  
> be" with a Gt participle). Is it not possible to read the verse as  
> a prediction about what will ultimately happen to the faithful  
> city? I'm thinking something like "righteousness will dwell in her,  
> but for now murders" given the theological vision of restoration in  
> Isaiah as a whole? How do we know for sure this is a "habitual  
> past" use of Yiqtol and not just a forward looking use?
> Joseph Justiss
> PhD Student
> Golden Gate Baptist Theological Seminary
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