[b-hebrew] ShRR in Job

Isaac Fried if at math.bu.edu
Sat Oct 25 22:06:31 EDT 2008


I would further slightly restrict the meaning of the root $RH to  
'spread-out, remain' (compare Aramaic MA$RITAH, 'camp'.) In YI-$R-E- 
HU of Job 37:3 the initial YI- is short for HI) being a personal  
pronoun referring to God, and the last HU is indeed short for HU)  
being a personal pronoun referring to the thunder.
The root $RH is otherwise a variant of:
DR), ZR),  ZRH, ZR(, YR), YR(, SRH, SR(, CR(, $R)
)DR, (DR, )ZR, (ZR, )TR, (TR, )SR, )CR, (CR, (TR
Z(R, Y(R, S(R, C(R, $)R, $(R

Isaac Fried, Boston University

On Oct 24, 2008, at 8:06 PM, David Kolinsky wrote:

> Dear Karl,
> I also believe it is the verb ShRR meaning "to direct  
> (something)."  It is referring to the thunder of the previous line:
> Remain attentive with the agitation of his voice and HeGheH (the  
> moan, utterance (Ps90:9)(Jb37:2)) that goes out of his mouth.   
> Beneath all of the heaven, he directs it that its light is above  
> the corners of the earth.
> In Akkadian, ShRR means "to go ahead," causitive form may mean "to  
> encourage"
> They are related to:
> S)R in Arabic - to set out, move along, march, get going, be headed  
> for s.th, be directed / oriented, be guided by; route
> )ShR in Hebrew - to go intentionally / directly (Pr9:16); (piel) to  
> direct, lead (Is3:12;9:15)(Pr23:19)
> As well as many other words, but since there is no chance I can  
> convince you of those, I will leave those out.
> Shabbat Shalom
> David Kolinsky
> Dear B-Hebrew haburim:
> This verse has what seems to me to be an unusual form of a word,  
> namely
> Y$RHW. It looks as if it is from the noun Y$RH, but with the masculine
> suffix it then should be Y$RTW, or if a lamed-he verb, the normal form
> should be Y$RYTW. Though I noticed that in Genesis 22:13 that (LH  
> has the
> name form, so it's not unheard of.
> If it is a noun, then the verb would be TXT. To fit the context  
> from the
> previous verse, would that not be the verb XTT "to be paralyzed  
> from fear",
> or to fit the following half verse from XTH "to rake coals together"?
> (Raking coals together would be to make a bright flame.)
> If it is a verb, then it is a happax legomai, then the question is  
> what does
> it mean? The gloss supplied from the dictionaries I consulted  
> doesn't seem
> to fit the context. The LXX translators seemed to think that it was  
> from the
> root as $RR, which has the meaning of chaining down, being a prince  
> (law
> enforcer).
> What do you all think? Are there any clues from cognate languages  
> that fit
> the context?
> Karl W. Randolph.
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