[b-hebrew] About Dagesh's

Isaac Fried if at math.bu.edu
Sun Jun 15 23:14:06 EDT 2008

As for the masora we need to separate fact from fiction, or practice  
from theory. It is a fact that in Exodus 12:31 the word C)U is with  
an apparently authentic dagesh in the zade, why is the dagesh there  
is free for all theoretical explanation.
I am suspicious of arguments depending on syllable formation. Some  
grammar books have this "rule" that after a qametz, considered by  
them for some obscure reason to be a "TNU(AH GDOLAH", the schwa is "NA 
(", or an opener of a syllable. By this logic the word $ABRU, for  
instance, is to be read $A-BRU [$AAA-BRU?], which could only be  
suggested by someone who has actually never tried to speak Hebrew.

Isaac Fried, Boston University

On Jun 15, 2008, at 2:31 AM, Yitzhak Sapir wrote:

> On Sat, Jun 14, 2008 at 6:20 PM, Yaakov Stein wrote:
>>> Here are two instances of a dagesh having apparently the sole  
>>> purpose
>> of marking the first letter of a word; specifically,
>>> to warn against the moving of an U from the end of a word to the
>> beginning of the next.
>>> 1. ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????, Exodus 12:31, to prevent the  
>>> reading
>> QUM UC)U.
>>> 2. ?????? ?????? ????????? ???-????? ???????, Deuteronomy 2:24, to
>> prevent the reading QUM US(U.
>> Isaac
>> First, every time you embed Hebrew I get question marks.
>> Second, if you already mention QUMU C)U in Exodus,
>> you shouldn't forget the exact same expression in Genesis 19:14.
>> On this expression MINHAT SHAI remarks that there are 5 similar
>> dageshes after ) H W Y.
> There are many more cases of conjunctive dagesh than 5.  The rules
> regarding bgdkpt following vowels or )hwy is given in #399, of  
> Yeivin's
> book, with exceptions in #400.  I really recommend that you get  
> Yeivin's
> book if you want to learn about the Masora:
> Yeivin, I. 1980. Introduction to the Tiberian Masorah. Atlanta:
> Society of Biblical Literature.
> On the main rule of the conjunctive dagesh (#399), Yeivin points out
> that in some cases as in Ex 15:13, no vowel letter is used, nxyt  
> bxsdk,
> whereas in other cases the vowel letter is used to close a syllable
> so that the next word takes a dagesh, as in Num 22:2, wyr) blq.
> Yitzhak Sapir
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