[b-hebrew] Leningrad Codex and "Special Letters"

Christopher Kimball transcriber at tanach.us
Wed Dec 31 20:24:04 EST 2008

The Unicode/XML Westminster Leningrad Codex at


has a list of verses having large (Note 5), small (Note 6), and 
suspended (Note 7) letters in its Supplements:Transcription notes page at


These results describe a total of 13 transcription notes in the 
Westminster electronic text and probably do NOT describe all such 
instances in the Codex itself.  The Firefox browser doesn't display 
suspended letters, Internet Explorer 6+ displays them correctly.

Text decorations vary greatly from text to text.  For example, the 
famous broken vav in Pinchas (Numbers 25:12 in shalom) isn't present in 
the Leningrad Codex.  Looking at photocopies of the (handwritten) 
Leningrad Codex shows how hard it is to decide what is decoration and 
what is simply variation.

Chris Kimball
West Redding, CT 

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