[b-hebrew] Gezer Calendar and 6-Month "Year"
torythrp at yahoo.com
Tue Oct 23 16:24:42 EDT 2007
Even if we were to take /kl/ in line 5 in the sense of "to complete,"
as Lemaire does by assuming a base /klh/, you still would have no
support for a 6-month year in the 10th century BCE. Albright may have
rejected a 1909 proposal from Ronzevalle, but new data coming to
light since Albright's time suggests Ronzevalle was right all along
and line 5 should be read /kl/ from a base /kyl/ ("measuring"), a
reduction of the diphthong /ay/ to /e/ (see Gibson, Textbook of
Syrian Semitic Inscriptions I [Oxford, 1973], p. 2). The "month of
harvest and measuring" (yrh qsr wkl), or Albright's "harvest and
feasting" (he restored a gimmel to /wgl/ and rejected kaph /wkl/), is
the 9th month enumerated in the GC. Regardless of the precise season
month 9 corresponds to in Israel the GC is a calendar which measures
time using more than 6 months. For your theory you need to bring
forward evidence of a calendar with 6 and only 6 months in it. That
just can't be done with the GC.
On Oct 23, 2007, at 3:10 PM, JimStinehart at aol.com wrote:
> You wrote: "The line in the GC where you see "feasting," which is
> Albright's old reading of line 5, should be rendered "month of
> harvesting and
> measuring" (cf. Renz, Die althebräischen Inschriften, 30-37; and
> Talmon, JAOS 83
> , p. 183, and note 48). M. Cohen's book uses the older/
> outdated translation
> of the GC proposed by Albright."
> This is a very important point to me, but I'm afraid I'm not quite
> your analysis. I believe everyone agrees that the word "harvest"
> is there.
> The question is what the other word may mean: (i) "feasting" or
> "festival", or (ii) "termination", or (iii) "measuring". Albright
> says "feasting".
> Philologos in Forward.com on August 20, 2004 says "(wheat) harvest
> festival". A 1909 proposal (discussed by S. Talmon) had suggested
> "two measure".
> S. Talmon's footnote 48 seems equivocal to me. S. Talmon's
> footnote 48
> includes the following key statement:
> "The word [wkl] can be derived either from klh 'to terminate, to
> end,' or
> from kwl 'two measure'."
> If it means "to terminate, to end", that would be consistent with
> the ending
> of one 6-month year, with the start of a new 6-month year to be
> at that time. Thus in a calendar context, "to terminate, to end"
> could be
> associated with a "feasting" or "festival", celebrating the
> beginning of a new
> New Year (be it a 6-month "year" or a 12-month year).
> But if the word means "two measure", then I'm afraid I do not
> follow the
> analysis here.
> Why wouldn't a harvest season naturally be associated both with (i) a
> termination or end, and (ii) the time to celebrate the beginning
> of a New Year with
> feasting and a New Year festival? That all seems logical to me.
> To the extent Talmon says "to terminate, to end", that's great
> from my point
> of view. Are you sure that scholars today are siding with "two
> measure" as
> the proper meaning? That is a 1909 suggestion. 1909 is awfully
> old, much
> older even than Albright. I am reluctant to go with a 1909
> proposal that does
> not seem to make much sense, instead of the various post-1909
> proposals I have
> seen, which suggest either "termination" or "festival", either of
> would be great readings from my point of view.
> Thank you so very much for cluing me in to this issue. Is there
> more out there on this particular topic?
> Jim Stinehart
> Evanston, Illinois
> ************************************** See what's new at http://
> b-hebrew mailing list
> b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org
More information about the b-hebrew