[b-hebrew] Gezer Calendar and 6-Month "Year"
JimStinehart at aol.com
JimStinehart at aol.com
Tue Oct 23 15:10:46 EDT 2007
You wrote: "The line in the GC where you see "feasting," which is
Albright's old reading of line 5, should be rendered "month of harvesting and
measuring" (cf. Renz, Die althebräischen Inschriften, 30-37; and Talmon, JAOS 83
, p. 183, and note 48). M. Cohen's book uses the older/outdated translation
of the GC proposed by Albright."
This is a very important point to me, but I'm afraid I'm not quite following
your analysis. I believe everyone agrees that the word "harvest" is there.
The question is what the other word may mean: (i) "feasting" or
"festival", or (ii) "termination", or (iii) "measuring". Albright says "feasting".
Philologos in Forward.com on August 20, 2004 says "(wheat) harvest and
festival". A 1909 proposal (discussed by S. Talmon) had suggested "two measure".
S. Talmon's footnote 48 seems equivocal to me. S. Talmon's footnote 48
includes the following key statement:
"The word [wkl] can be derived either from klh 'to terminate, to end,' or
from kwl 'two measure'."
If it means "to terminate, to end", that would be consistent with the ending
of one 6-month year, with the start of a new 6-month year to be celebrated
at that time. Thus in a calendar context, "to terminate, to end" could be
associated with a "feasting" or "festival", celebrating the beginning of a new
New Year (be it a 6-month "year" or a 12-month year).
But if the word means "two measure", then I'm afraid I do not follow the
Why wouldn't a harvest season naturally be associated both with (i) a
termination or end, and (ii) the time to celebrate the beginning of a New Year with
feasting and a New Year festival? That all seems logical to me.
To the extent Talmon says "to terminate, to end", that's great from my point
of view. Are you sure that scholars today are siding with "two measure" as
the proper meaning? That is a 1909 suggestion. 1909 is awfully old, much
older even than Albright. I am reluctant to go with a 1909 proposal that does
not seem to make much sense, instead of the various post-1909 proposals I have
seen, which suggest either "termination" or "festival", either of which
would be great readings from my point of view.
Thank you so very much for cluing me in to this issue. Is there anything
more out there on this particular topic?
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