[b-hebrew] Genesis 31: 47: What Foreign Language Is That?
yitzhaksapir at gmail.com
Sat Nov 24 10:58:53 EST 2007
On Nov 24, 2007 12:55 AM, Jim Stinehart wrote:
> You say that 'sahaduta' is an Aramaic word, and that -uta is a nice, good Aramaic ending.
> I am having trouble confirming that on The Complete Aramaic Lexicon site that you referenced.
> 1.? When I type in 'sahaduta', it says there is no such Aramaic word.
> 2.? When I look at the Old Aramaic texts, I do not seem to see any -uta endings.
> 3.? What does -uta mean as an ending in Aramaic?
> 4.? Could you list several Aramaic words that end with -uta?
The Lexicon site is a Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon. This doesn't
mean its authors
pretend it can ever be complete.
Hebrew has two main states for a noun - absolute and construct. In
the definite article is affixed to the end of the word, this gives the
feeling as if there are
three states - absolute, construct, and definite.
-uta is the definite state ending in this case ("The Mound of
Testimony"). But in
addition, the -t fell out in the absolute (non definite) state, and
remained in the
construct, just like in Hebrew (and Aramaic) the -t fell out in the
but remained in the construct (and they may be related). Because it
fell out, you
have to look up the word in the lexicon with a -w ending, not an -wt) ending.
Thus, sahaduta would have had three states: sahadu - absolute, sahadut
and sahaduta - definite. This -ut ending is equivalent to the same
ending in Hebrew.
It generally has the effect of making the noun into an abstract concept. Thus,
dmw "alike, similar" - dmwt? *damwuta > damuta "likeness, statue" -
mlk "king" mlkt(h) malkut "kingship" - Sefire I
&hd "witness" sahduta "testimony"
The first two are clear Old Aramaic inscriptions. In the first, we
even see the -u-
vowel probably because the short u combines with the root consonant w to create
a long u: vowel, and this is then spelled out. In the second, the -h
is the third
person possessive suffix ("his kingship").
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