[b-hebrew] Dan 9:27b and shomem
hholmyard3 at earthlink.net
Wed May 23 10:18:47 EDT 2007
> Could anyone comment on the verb "shomem" in Dan. 9:27? Strictly the
> base form of the verb, shamem, is stative and we would expect to
> transate "the desolated one" (passive) rather than desolator. But in
> 12:11 we seem to have shomem in an active sense and also in 8:13. Can
> anyone decide what is the best rendering of shomem in Dan 9:27b?
> desolator, or the desolate (KVJ, ie desolated one).
> At any event, shomem would have to refer to a person and not the
> city, which is feminine?
You have presented evidence that can help answer your own question. Dan
12:11 seems to show that the Qal participle "shomem," modifying
"shiqqutz" ("abomination"), can have the same sense as the Piel
participle "meshomem," since an abomination would not itself be
"desolate" or "astonished," the two ideas that the Qal participle has
elsewhere. And in 11:31 "shiqqutz" is modified by the Piel participle
"meshomem," which has an active sense of "desolating." The word
"meshomem" in Dan 9:27 may refer to a single abomination that causes
desolation, one that follows on the wing of other abominations. Some
take it of the prince ("nagid") as "he comes desolating." The Qal
particple likewise could refer to "one who causes desolation." Yes, the
participle could refer to "a desolated one" or "one who is astonished"
by a determined end that is poured out on him, but the active sense in
12:11 also seems appropriate here. I believe there are a number of verbs
that have both a stative and transitive meaning in the Qal, with ML)
being an example. The form "male'"is stative in form as a participle,
but it can have both transitive (Jer 23:24) or stative ( Isa 51:20) meaning.
So if the verb "shomem" can have either sense, it is a question of which
is the best in the context of Daniel 9:27. I do not have enough time to
study that now, but I see that a number of recent translations have
taken the active (transitive) sense for the participle (though I don't
necessarily agree with the translations in other respects):
NET Bible: On the wing of abominations will come one who destroys,
until the decreed end is poured out on the one who destroys.”
NRSV: He shall make a strong covenant with many for one week, and for
half of the week he shall make sacrifice and offering cease; and in
their place shall be an abomination that desolates, until the decreed
end is poured out upon the desolator.”
NIV: He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle
of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a
wing [of the temple] he will set up an abomination that causes
desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.
HCSB: He will make a firm covenant with many for one week, but in the
middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and offering. And the
abomination will be on a wing o the temple until the decreed destruction
is poured out on the desolator.
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