[b-hebrew] Matres Lectionis and critical analysis
pbekins at fuse.net
Tue Aug 28 17:02:28 EDT 2007
>>He suggested that the oldest texts from which
>>the books of the Hebrew bible were copied had no matres
>>lectionis and were written without spaces.
Which oldest texts was he referring to, the ones Moses wrote or the
ones God actually wrote with his finger? :)
You are the computer scientist with electronic copies of the Aleppo
codex and lexicon, why don't you write a routine to pull out the
spaces, mark the matres as optional and suggest all the possible
permutations of the text and then report back to us. With all this
talk of reading the unpointed text I would be interested in knowing
exactly what percentage of the words are truly ambiguous. You'll have
to come up with a methodology to separate historical spellings from
true vowel letters (are you going to count the yod of BYT as a
mater?) Oh, you'll probably have to throw together a morphological
and syntactical parser while you are at it and you can use your
concordance to pull out common phrases to mark things that should be
unambiguous by context like BN XKM. :)
(Sorry for the flippant response, reading all day long is frying my
PS. Also read all of these books:
Andersen, Francis I. and Forbes, A. Dean. _Spelling in the Hebrew
Bible_. Biblica et Orientalia 41; Rome: Biblical Institute, 1986.
Bange, L. A. _A Study of the Use of Vowel-Letters in Alphabetic
Consonantal Writing_. Munich: Verlag UNI-Druck, 1971.
Barr, James. _The Variable Spellings of the Hebrew Bible: The
Schweich Lectures of the British Academy_. 1986. Oxford: Oxford
Cross, F. M., “The Origin and Early Evolution of the Alphabet.”
ErIsr 8 (1967): 8-24.
Cross, Frank Moore and David Noel Freedman. _Early Hebrew
Orthography: A Study of the Epigraphic Evidence_. New Haven: AOS, 1952
Garr, Randall. _Dialect Geography of Syria-Palestine, 1000-586
Kaufman, S. A., "The Pitfalls of Typology: On the Early History of
the Alphabet," HUCA 57 (1986) 1-14.
Millard, A.R. “Variable Spelling in the Hebrew Bible and Other
Ancient Texts” Journal of Theological Studies no 42 (1991) pp 106-116
Naveh, Joseph. _Early History of the Alphabet_. Jerusalem: Magnes
O’Connor, Michael Patrick. “Writing Systems, native speaker
analyses, and the earliest stages of Northwest Semitic
orthographies”, in The Word of the Lord Shall go Forth, Ed Carol L
Myers and M O’Connor. (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1983), 439-465.
Segert, Stanislav, “Vowel Letters in Early Aramaic”, JNES Vol 37
no 2 (Apr 1978), 111-114.
Sarfatti, Gad B. ראשית אימות¯הקריאה בכתב
השמי המערבי ניסיון של סיכים, Leshonenu 58/1,3
Zevit, Ziony. _Matres Lectionis in Ancient Hebrew Epitaphs_.
Cambridge, Mass: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1980.
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