[b-hebrew] Deuteronomy 21:23 Who is cursed?

JAMES CHRISTIAN READ JCR128 at student.anglia.ac.uk
Wed Aug 22 13:11:56 EDT 2007

MA:Deuteronomy 21:23

כִּי־קִלְלַת אֱלֹהִים תָּלוּי


Is God the object of scorn  because a criminal is hanged or the one who curses the hanged criminal?

JCR:There are several clues to decoding your question. 

1) The clause begins with 'because'
2) Elohim is in a construct relationship

Let's consider them one at a time.

1) The beginning of the clause indicates that we are 
looking at the reason for the preceeding clause, the 
why that the dead body should not be left to hang all 
night. Any translation must therefore be contextually 
in line with this simple observation.

2) Elohim here is in the construct relationship. He is 
not the subject nor the object of the clause, merely an 
adjective describing a quality of the accursed.

In line with these two observations what do you feel 
about the NWT rendition?

'because something accursed of God is the one hung up'

I'm sure this English could be smoothed out and made to 
better represent natural language but the essence of 
the clause seems to be adequately captured.

James Christian Read
BSc Computer Science 
thesis1: concept driven machine translation using the Aleppo codex
thesis2: language acquisition simulation

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