[b-hebrew] final alef and Arabic
uhurwitz at yahoo.com
Mon Aug 20 11:28:12 EDT 2007
Here are two more examples that classical Arabic retained earlier
forms of the language of which only traces were preserved in BH:
Tha Arabic word for daughter is "Bint".The BH is "BAT", in declension
"BITTY" etc. with a Dagesh forte in the T, and the plural "BANOT". This
Nun in the plural must have come from somewhere.
Obviously the N dropped out in BH . Its trace, however,
was heard by the Massoretes and it was compensated with the Dagesh.
It reappears only in the plural.
Similarly is the case of the humble she-goat " EZ", in declension
"IZZY"etc. and the plural "IZZIM" with a dagesh in Z. As in the above
example, the reason is that the N in an earlier pronounciation, * ANZ
or *ANZT, dropped. Again,in classical Arabic the N remains throughout,
as the language retained the earlier form.
This connection .was clear already to David Kimhi, the 12th century
To my knowledege no one on this list has argued that 'Arabic is an older
version of Hebrew'. Most Semitists recognize that classical Arabic retains
many of the features of proto- Semitic and is an important tool in the study
of biblical Hebrew.
Joel wrote, inter alia:
".....there's really no reason to think that the Arabic represents more
"ancient pronunciation." Arabic is different than Hebrew, not an
older version of Hebrew."....
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