[b-hebrew] verb forms - Isaiah 56:6-7 was dying you shall die
hholmyard3 at earthlink.net
Tue Apr 17 16:17:27 EDT 2007
Isaac Fried wrote:
> The relationship between Hebrew and Arabic is enigmatic and I am not
> prepared to be sucked now into this murky vortex.
> I don't know why the Arabs say ANA where the Hebrews say ANI, or why
> the Arabs say ANTA where the Hebrews say ATA, or why the arabs say
> ANTI where the Hebrews say AT, or why the Arabs say ANTUNA where the
> Hebrews say ATEN.
> One thing is crystal clear (at least to me), which is that the
> inflections of the Arabic QATALA are, as in Hebrew, invariably a root
> plus a personal pronoun referring to the perpetrating agent or actor.
> At one time they were distinct words, but then they came near and got
> fused into one word.
> I don't discount the possibility that at one time at some place ATU
> was used for ANI, for the simple reason that the personal pronouns
> are, in my opinion, by themselves compounds. Everything in nature is
> a compound, even atoms are compounds.
> My comprehensive answer to your remark is as follows:
> 1. At first the personal pronouns were just the U (SHURUK) and I
> (XIRIK) sounds. They are still such (and gender independent) when put
> between the radical letter, say LUKAX = L-U-KAX, 'he was taken',
> LUKXAH = L-U-KX-AH, 'she was taken'. The O, E sounds were introduced
> later, and are still absent in Arabic.
> 2. The stand-alone personal pronouns are compounds of the
> substantives (existence markers, fundamental concepts) AN-NA, AT-TA,
> AK-KA (AH-HA, AX-XA), AM-MA. Thus: ANI = AN-I, ANOKI = AN-O-AK-I,
> ANAXNU = AN-AX-AN-U, HU = AH-U, HI = AH-I, HEM (HIM) =HI-AM, ATEM =
> AT-HEM. All is left in ATAH is a silent H, and even this fell off in AT.
> 3. In the same way, on the face of it, the arabic ANTI = AN-AT-I.
> 4. The personal pronoun ANI is used for 'I', but ATI is left frozen
> in compounds. If LAKAXNU is obviously LAKAX-ANU, then LAKAXTI is
> obviously LAKAX-ATI. For some reason Hebrew uses LAKXU = LAKAX-U,
> instead of LAKXEM = LAKAX-HEM.
> 5. In the Genitive, Hebrew uses instead of ATA, AKA, as in SHELKA =
> SHEL-AKA, 'yours'. In place of AT it uses AK as in SHELAK = SHEL-AK,
> and instead of ATEM it uses AKEM as in SHELAKEM = SHEL-AKEM.
> 6. Personal pronoun additions are piled up in Hebrew: LKAXTANI =
> LAKAX-ATA-ANI, 'you carried me off', LKAXTIHU = LAKAX-ATI-HU, 'I
> carried him off', and so on.
> How do I know all this? If you come to think of it, it cannot be
HH: Of course it can be otherwise. The verbs could always have had
suffixes and prefixes. Separate independent pronouns are used together
with verbs with prefixes and suffixes sometimes.
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