[b-hebrew] Etymology of "Torah"
Dr. Joel M. Hoffman
joel at exc.com
Thu Sep 28 08:53:12 EDT 2006
>Thank you, Yonah.
>I'm of course aware of the orthodox etymology. It doesn't make much sense;
>why the tav-form? Presumably, tav-nouns are frozen 2ms future tense verbs,
>the least likely form for "to teach."
It makes lots of sense, and is part of a very widespread and
well-understood pattern. TAF, along with MEM, is used as a prefix to
create a noun; frequently, a final HEH accompanies these nouns.
TODAH (a noun from Y.D.H)
TORAH (a noun from Y.R.H)
TXINA (a noun from X.N.N)
When the root ends in HEH, a second HEH canno be added. When the root
begins with VAV, rather than "ti-" the word obviously starts "to-."
Joel M. Hoffman, PhD
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