[b-hebrew] help with Ezekiel 32:21

kgraham0938 at comcast.net kgraham0938 at comcast.net
Wed Sep 27 23:37:04 EDT 2006

that is very interesting what Joshua Fox studies revealed, I was thinking maybe the yod there was a vowel.  Not trying to contridict what Fox's studies show but just pointing out something I found interesting in H.A.L.O.T (hebrew and aramaic lexicon of the old testament) p 40, has listed 'ayil and right next to it 'awl which I believe is suggesting the yod is a vowel. And then goes on to list a ugaritic form il, and an akkadian form (y)alu AHw.  It also list Eg. which I believe is Egyptian has lw.yyr =irr = 'el.  (I don't know either language but it seems relevant to etomology.)

But relative to our passage, it list 'eley as the construct of 'ayil and list 'ayley as a variant.  

Kelton Graham 
KGRAHAM0938 at comcast.net

-------------- Original message -------------- 
From: "Yitzhak Sapir" <yitzhaksapir at gmail.com> 

> On 9/27/06, kgraham0938 at comcast.net wrote: 
> > 
> > @Yitzhak: 
> > 
> > Thanks alot I appreciate it, the only problem I have is that the apparatus 
> > of BHS says many manuscripts have 'ayil' here as opposed to 'el. And it 
> > seems to me that 'el going into 'eley is not impossible but pretty rare if 
> > in the Hebrew bible. I have not found one other example of 'el going into 
> > plural construct, but that is not to say it is impossible and I have not 
> > checked other outside sources but it seems that 'ayil would be the better 
> > rendering. 
> You are right, it doesn't occur anywhere else. 
> However, there are various reasons to think that it is the plural of 'el and not 
> 'ayil. 
> Joshua Fox, a linguist, reconstructs the word )ayil from PS *)ayyal, "ibex, 
> mountain goat." I guess )ayil derives *)ayyal > *)ayyl > *)ayil, where the last 
> vowel first drops and the geminated yy takes it place first as )ay-yl and later 
> it degrades into a vowel. The significance of all this is that the -y- in )ayil 
> is a geminated root letter in its origin. I doubt it would be lost. 
> It's true that )eley never appears as a construct of )el. But neither does it 
> appear as the plural of )ayil. The plural of )ayil is generally (this example 
> excluded) )eyley. Take for example Ex 15:15. Here )eyley is parallel with 
> )aluwfey, which is very fitting. Both )ayil and )alp refer to strong beasts 
> that in turn are used to denote the leaders of a community. In this text, 
> the -y- of )eyley appears, even though this text generally uses spellings 
> that are defective such as )elim in Ex 15:10. This underscores the 
> point about the -y- being a consonantal root letter made earlier. 
> The word )el is a very unique word. It is the only two-root letter PS word that 
> Fox reconstructs as a masculine and yet its vowel is not reconstructed 
> as dropped in construct cases (compare ben "son", bni "my son", $em 
> "name", $mi "my name"). It is also used, besides for "god" as a general 
> term for "power" or "strength" as in Genesis 31:29. Furthermore, this is 
> a special case, speaking of the ")el"s that will speak out from Sheol. It is 
> by its very nature a supernatural scenario. This would suggest that the 
> word with a more supernatural meaning - )el - may be the one intended 
> here. 
> More interesting than that comment in the apparatus of BHS is the 
> comment I see in the HUB that in the Greek, verse 19 is displaced and 
> placed immediately after Sheol in this verse. The HUB refers to two 
> Medieval manuscripts (of the five it normally examines for possible 
> differences) that have )yly, one of them as an initial spelling that was 
> later corrected (to ")ly" I suppose). I don't think that is sufficient 
> reason to correct the MT's spelling. The Septuagint, apparently reads 
> ")lh" and not ")ly". But it doesn't read a middle -y-: 
> http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/gopher/text/religion/biblical/parallel/44.Ezekiel.par 
> Yitzhak Sapir 
> _______________________________________________ 
> b-hebrew mailing list 
> b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org 
> http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/b-hebrew 

More information about the b-hebrew mailing list