[b-hebrew] Hos 6:4 (was The Pesach prohibition )

Harold Holmyard hholmyard at ont.com
Sat Sep 23 14:28:07 EDT 2006

Vadim Cherny wrote:

>> Hos. 7:4 They are all adulterers, burning like an
>> oven whose fire the baker need not stir from the
>> kneading of the dough till it rises.
> Probably you know Hebrew sufficiently to see that that translation is
> divorced from the Hebrew text

HH: That was the NIV. Here is the NRSV:

Hos. 7:4 They are all adulterers;
	they are like a heated oven,
whose baker does not need to stir the fire,
from the kneading of the dough until it is leavened.

HH: These translations are produced by teams of 
scholars and do represent the Hebrew. A literal 
translation could be:

All of them are adulterers, like a burning oven a 
baker ceases from stirring from the kneading of 
dough until it is leavened.

HH: The idea is that the oven is so hot the baker 
  does not need to do anything to preserve its 
heat from the kneading until the dough is fully 
leavened. This is a time consuming process, so if 
the oven is hot the whole time, it is very hot.

>>> In any case, the dough is in the oven, and does not leaven anymore, but
> is
>>> baked. (Any woman here on the list who ever tried to bake?) "from
> kneading
>>> until humtzato" cannot mean "from kneading until leavening", that's
> absurd.
>>> It could only mean, "from kneading until being baked."

>> HH: I have made bread. There is a kneading
>> process, and afterwards the dough is left to rise.
> In the oven??

HH: Neither the kneading nor the leavening is done 
with the dough in the oven. But the oven has to be 
heated to be ready for the dough when it is 
leavened. In Hos 7:4 the oven is already hot when 
the kneading begins and needs no further 
attention, since it remains hot when the leavening 
is complete.

Harold Holmyard

More information about the b-hebrew mailing list