leviny1 at mail.biu.ac.il
Tue Oct 17 02:54:32 EDT 2006
That's what happens when you use a modern Hebrew dictionary, and not a very
good one at that.
The basic meaning of the word "adon" is "master", "owner", "ruler". As such,
it is a common title for human superiors and rulers, for gods in general and
for God (YHWH) in particular. The English word "lord" has the same meaning,
and as such is used to translate the Hebrew. As you know, God is often
called "Adonai", "my Lords", the plural being a sign of respect. The same is
true of Spanish "senior", which also has the meaning of "elder".
In MODERN Hebrew, English and Spanish, these words have additional meanings.
In modern Hebrew, "adon" is used as a title of respect towards one's
superior or supposed superior. A salesman will address a customer as
"adoni". In modern English, saying "my lord" is archaic, since "lord" is
also a title of nobility (although judges in court are addressed as
"milord") - the equivalent is "sir". Spanish uses "Senor".
And yes, the modern Hebrew word for "lord" as a title of nobility - when
referring to an English lord, is "lwrd".
----- Original Message -----
From: "Ethel Jean (Kowan) Saltz" <macnietspingal at airmail.net>
To: <b-hebrew at lists.ibiblio.org>
Sent: Monday, October 16, 2006 10:48 PM
Subject: [b-hebrew] Deu:10:17
> יז כִּי, יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם--הוּא אֱלֹהֵי הָאֱלֹהִים, וַאֲדֹנֵי
> הָאֵל הַגָּדֹל הַגִּבֹּר, וְהַנּוֹרָא, אֲשֶׁר לֹא-יִשָּׂא פָנִים, וְלֹא
> יִקַּח שֹׁחַד.
> All translations use "Lord" for adonee but I don't think the word "Lord"
> back then. It's funny to see it in Spanish "El Senor". Now maybe in
> English the word "Lord" was used the same way we say "Sir". I know in
> Spanish that's what Senor means. Sir/Mr.
> In fact, I looked up Lord in my Webster New World Hebrew/English and it's
> written lamed-vav-resh-daled (Hebrew transliteration of the word Lord:) I
> looked up Adonee and it's Sir/Mr. I would translate it "Sir of sirs". It
> feels so natural to me and imparts such a rich poetic feeling to the
> mysterious label "Y'H'W'H". "God of gods and Sir of sirs".
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